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In the context of gene therapy, what is base editing? Examine the potential of gene therapy to cure life threatening diseases such as cancer.

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

3. In the context of gene therapy, what is base editing? Examine the potential of gene therapy to cure life threatening diseases such as cancer. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

Scientists in the United Kingdom testing a new form of cancer therapy, reported success in a teenaged girl, Alyssia, with a form of cancer called T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the gene therapy, base editing and its scope in curing life threatening diseases.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by briefly defining gene therapy.

Body:

First, in brief, explain the mechanism of the working of gene therapy and base editing.

Next, write about the scope of gene therapy in curing life threatening diseases- cancers, influencing the course of various genetic and acquired disorders at the genetic level.

Next, write about the limitations of the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to overcoming the limitations.