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Discuss the importance of Arctic region for the global climate and economy. Enumerate the key features of India’s arctic policy.

Topic: geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

1. Discuss the importance of Arctic region for the global climate and economy. Enumerate the key features of India’s arctic policy. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

As humans warm the planet, the once reliably frigid and frozen Arctic is becoming wetter and stormier, with shifts in its climate and seasons that are forcing local communities, wildlife and ecosystems to adapt, scientists said Tuesday in an annual assessment of the region.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of Arctic region and features of India’s arctic policy.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving the extent of Arctic region.

Body:

In the first part, write about the climatic importance of Arctic – world’s climate in balance, circulate the world’s ocean currents, moving cold and warm water around the globe etc.

Next, write about economic importance – huge commercial and economic opportunities, particularly in shipping, energy, fisheries and mineral resources etc.

Next, write about the key features of India’s arctic policy.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.