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Census provides the facts that are essential to government for policy-making, planning and administration and to track welfare developments over a long period with considerable accuracy. Analyse.

Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

2. Census provides the facts that are essential to government for policy-making, planning and administration and to track welfare developments over a long period with considerable accuracy. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate.

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

A recent study of India’s experience under colonial rule by Dylan Sullivan and Jason Hickel concludes that data from the Census of India reveal that between 1880 and 1920 approximately 100 million Indians died due to British policy in India.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about benefits of collecting census data.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of census in India.

Body:

In the first part, discuss the advantages of census – essential for planning the provision of health care, education, employment, etc, helpful in the debate related to reservation policy, targeted poverty reduction programmes etc

Next, Discuss the limitations of census – creates chasms within society, historical apprehensions when such data was used to further divide and rule policy etc.

Conclusion:

Based on above arguments give a fair and balanced view as conclusion.