Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
4. Active involvement by government, non-governmental, community-based organisations, and academic institutions will help build a sustainability profile and arrive at specific interventions in order to build climate resilience. Discuss. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Tough
Reference: The Hindu , Insights on India
Why the question:
India unveiled its long-term climate action plan at the 27th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP27), held in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, in November. While the document titled ‘Long-Term Low-Carbon Development Strategy (LT-LCDS)’ has multi-sectoral measures to reach a net-zero emissions status, climate-resilient urbanisation forms a cornerstone of the Government of India’s strategy under the Paris Agreement.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the coordination and cooperation needed among various sectors to build climate resilience.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by defining the climate resilience.
First, write in detail the implications of changing climate on various aspects of Indian region such as – food security, Agriculture systems, water security, Energy infrastructure and supply, coastal ecosystem etc. Also explain its effect on human health, social issues, cascading of climatic hazards etc.
Next, write about the need for cooperation and collaboration among by government, non-governmental, community-based organisations, and academic organisation in order to build resilience.
Next, write about other steps required to build resilience.
Conclude with way forward.