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The shift of manufacturing from urban to rural areas can be a double-edged sword. It has its share of advantages that could transform the rural economy, as well as a set of constraints, which could hamper higher growth. Analyse.

Topic: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

3.  The shift of manufacturing from urban to rural areas can be a double-edged sword. It has its share of advantages that could transform the rural economy, as well as a set of constraints, which could hamper higher growth. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

There is growing evidence to suggest that the most conspicuous trend in the manufacturing sector in India has been a shift of manufacturing activity and employment from bigger cities to smaller towns and rural areas.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the implications of manufacturing shift from urban to rural areas.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by citing statistic regarding manufacturing shift from urban to rural areas.

Body:

First, in brief, mention the reasons for the manufacturing shift from urban to rural areas.

Next, write about the advantages associated with the above – rural development, inclusive growth, development, employment etc.

Next, write about the limitations of the above – less rate of growth, lack of backward and forward linkages.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to overcome the limitations for maximising the benefits.