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How J&K’s proposed Family ID will work, and why it is being criticised?

GS Paper 2

Syllabus: Government Policies and Interventions for Development in various sectors and Issues arising out of their Design and Implementation


Source: IE

 Direction: The article highlights the new family ID for residents of J&K, its criticism, and other states with a similar mechanism.

 Context: J&K Lt Governor’s announcement to introduce a family Pehchan Patra (identity card) for residents of the UT has been criticised by the opposition parties in Kashmir as a surveillance tool.

The proposed family Pehchan Patra:

  • It will be an identity card with a unique 8-digit alphanumeric number, which will contain details of all members of the family, including their names, ages, qualifications, employment status, etc.
  • The card will be linked with the Aadhaar and bank account number of the head of the family.
  • While Aadhaar contains information about an individual, the family ID card will collate a database about families, with the consent of the family.
  • No consent is likely to attract practical difficulties because benefits such as subsidised rations will be linked with the family ID card.

The purpose of introducing the identity card:

  • To create an authentic, verified and reliable database of families in J&K that will help in policy planning.
  • To facilitate direct transfer of benefits to their bank accounts.
  • To ensure speedy and transparent doorstep delivery of welfare schemes to eligible beneficiaries.
  • To identify and weed out duplicate ration cards and Aadhaar.

Issues with the proposed family ID:

  • It symbolises the widening trust deficit especially post 2019 when the erstwhile state of J&K was bifurcated into two UTs.
  • Unproductive use of resources.
  • The protection of personal data is a major challenge.

Government’s response to this criticism:

  • An information security policy and an appropriate cyber security framework are under planning.
  • Minimum human interference will result in better utilisation of resources.
  • Better delivery of services will strengthen trust between the government and the people.

 Similar databases in other states:

  • Haryana was the first state to introduce the concept of the family Pehchan Patra, and Punjab introduced it last year.
  • UP Parivar Kalyan Card, Rajasthan’s Jan Aadhaar and MP’s Samagra ID are other examples.



Insta Links:

This is what has changed in Jammu and Kashmir


Mains Links:

Q. Trace the changed security situation in Jammu and Kashmir and discuss the road ahead post the recent landmark political changes. (250 words)