Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
1. Throw light on the Instrument of Accession through which Jammu and Kashmir became a part of India. What were the resultant issues that were the outcome of Kashmir’s accession to India? (250 words)
Difficulty level: Tough
Why the question:
Jawaharlal Nehru has recently come under criticism for declining to accept the Kashmir Maharaja’s initial offer to accede to India in September 1947, several weeks before the tribal invasion.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about issues regarding accession of Kashmir, issues regarding and steps that are needed to resolve it.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by giving context regarding Kashmir Accession.
First, write about the Instrument of Accession and its nature post which Kashmir became a part of the Indian union.
Next, write about the Article 370 and trace the resultant issues till present day developments.
Next, write about the various issues in the above, leading to the illegal occupation of parts of Kashmir by Pakistan and India’s response to it. Trace the developments to the present day.
Next, write about the possible solutions to settle the Kashmir issue.
Conclude by summarising.