Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
7. J.S Mill defines utilitarianism as a theory based on the principle that “actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness.” Elaborate. (150 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the philosophy of Utilitarianism.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by defining the philosophy of Utilitarianism in brief.
In your own words, explain that Utilitarianism is a theory of morality that advocates actions that foster happiness or pleasure and oppose actions that cause unhappiness or harm. When directed toward making social, economic, or political decisions, a utilitarian philosophy would aim for the betterment of society as a whole.
Conclude by summarising.