Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
5. Evaluate India’s scope and opportunities in the solar energy sector. What are the various measures taken by the government to promote solar energy in the country? (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: Down to Earth , Insights on India
Why the question:
Renewable energy will comprise 90 per cent of global electricity capacity expansion in the next five years and much of it will be in India, according to a new study by the autonomous intergovernmental organisation, International Energy Agency (IEA).
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the scope and limiting factors in the growth of solar energy and measures taken by the government to promote them,
Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence. You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by giving context regarding the development of solar energy in India.
First, mention about the huge potential for growth, emission-free nature and consistent nature of solar energy production in contrast with other forms of energy.
Next, evaluate the various constraining factors for a solar energy – such as land requirement, man power, financing, efficiency and manufacturing needs etc.
Next, write about the various measures taken by the government to promote solar energy.
Conclude with way forward.