Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
5. What are the major announcements by India at COP 27? Critically analyse India’s efforts towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. What course corrections are required to meet the targets?
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: Indian Express
Why the question:
India’s official statement at the summit coasted on what Union Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change Bhupender Yadav referred to as “a one-word mantra” set by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, with his penchant for anagrams, at COP26 in November 2021: “Lifestyle for Environment”, or “Mission LiFE”.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about India’s announcement at COP27, India’s performance with respect to SDG’s and changes required to achieve the target.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by giving context about COP27.
First, write about the major announcements by India at COP27.
Next, mention the important SDGs in brief and write about the various measures taken in order to achieve them.
Next, evaluate India’s performance toward achieving various SDGs by 2030 and mention the shortfalls.
Next, write about the various course corrections that are required in order to ensure that SGDs are achieved by 2030.
Conclude with a way forward.