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India to become a hub of drone technology

GS Paper 3

Syllabus: Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

 

Source: PIB

 Context:  Union Information and Broadcasting Minister said that India will become a hub of drone technology and will require at least 1-lakh drone pilots by next year while addressing the gathering after flagging of the ‘Drone Yatra 2.0’.

  

About Drones:

  • A drone or UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) is a remotely controlled flying device.
  • Drones have been divided into five categories based on their weight (existing rules) –
    • Nano: Less than or equal to 250 grams,
    • Micro: From 250 grams to 2kg, Small: From 2 kg to 25kg,
    • Medium: From 25kg to 150kg,
    • Large: Greater than 150kg.

  

Rules regulating drones in India:

  • In India, the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) governs the use of all (manned or automated) aerial vehicles
  • ‘The Drone Rules, 2021’, to regulate the use and operation of Drones or Unmanned Aerial Systems.

  

Application of Drones:

 

Risks associated with drones:

  • Drones can be misused as weapons of Mass Destruction.
  • Increased Risk of Armed Attacks.
  • To smuggle arms, ammunition and drugs.

 

Way Forward:

  • Balancing security and benefits associated with drones.
  • Increase Investments in developing drones, which are safer and cheaper.

  

Insta Links:

Use of Drones

Mains Link:

Q. Elaborate upon the security threats emerging from drones and suggest some measures to counter hostile drones. (150Words)