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Protecting forests and grasslands can help slow climate change by promoting carbon storage in soil and plants. Elaborate. Throw light on the potential of 30×30 initiative in conserving and protecting at least 30 per cent of Earth’s surface, on land and at sea, by 2030.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. Protecting forests and grasslands can help slow climate change by promoting carbon storage in soil and plants. Elaborate. Throw light on the potential of 30×30 initiative in conserving and protecting at least 30 per cent of Earth’s surface, on land and at sea, by 2030. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Down to Earth 

Why the question:

One ambitious proposal for stemming these losses is the international initiative known as 30×30: Conserving and protecting at least 30 per cent of Earth’s surface, on land and at sea, by 2030. Currently, 112 countries support this initiative, including the United States. More nations may announce their support at the international biodiversity conference that opens December 7, 2022, in Montreal.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role of forests and grasslands in carbon storage and potential of 30×30 initiative.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about role of forests and grasslands as carbon sink – Forests are an important carbon sink, as both trees and forest soil are able store large amount of carbon for a long time. Cite examples to substantiate.

Next, write the about aims and objectives of 30×30 initiative, its features and its potential in conserving and protecting earth’s land and sea.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.