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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 6 December 2022

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

1. Discuss the contributions of B.R Ambedkar as a political leader and a social reformer. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

December 6 is observed as the Mahaparinirvan Diwas, or the death anniversary, of Dr BR Ambedkar, the Father of the Indian Constitution.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the political, social and intellectual contributions of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing a few introductory lines regarding Dr B.R Ambedkar.

Body:

Discuss his role and contributions; His role as a social reformer, chairman of the draft committee of the Indian Constitution, and first law minister of the country is well-known. He was an educationist, economist, jurist, politician, journalist, sociologist and social reformer and worked in the fields of culture, religion and spirituality.

Highlight his efforts towards championing the causes of downtrodden and the vulnerable.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

2. Examine the various issues in India’s fundamental right to religion. How can the issue of “forced” or “deceitful” conversions be addressed? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The Supreme Court is hearing a purported Public Interest Litigation (PIL) seeking action to curb deceitful religious conversion in the country. Not wanting to be left behind, the Gujarat government is seeking the removal of a stay on a provision in its anti-conversion law that requires prior permission from the District Magistrate for any conversion done “directly or indirectly”.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the various issues in India’s fundamental right to religion and steps needed to tackle forceful conversions.

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning about Article 25-28.

Body:

First, write about various issues in India’s fundamental right to religion – diverse country with respect to religion, every citizen has the right to choose, practice, propagate and even change his or her religion, certain restrictions provided by the constitution, forceful conversions, communal clashes, violating article 14 in the name of article 25.

Next, write the context regarding forceful or deceitful conversion in the country.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to overcome the above-mentioned issues.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward. 

Differentiate between an opinion poll and an exit poll. Do you think these polls can impact free and fair election by affecting voting patterns? Critically comment.

 

Topic: Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

3. Differentiate between an opinion poll and an exit poll. Do you think these polls can impact free and fair elections by affecting voting patterns? Critically comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressIndian Express

Why the question:

As voting for Gujarat elections ends today, exit polls will be out by the evening. In India, results of exit polls for a particular election are not allowed to be published till the last vote has been cast.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the difference between exit and opinion poll and their impact on elections.

Directive word: 

Critically comment – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘comment’ is prefixed, we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining the concept of opinion polls and exit polls.

Body:

In the first part, write about the differences between opinion polls and exit polls.

Next, mention the various drawbacks of the above – Manipulations, Voter influencing, corruption, Propaganda, Consensus among political parties, Ban on exit polls etc.

Next, mention the need of the above– freedom of speech, a sample survey, not enough to influence voters etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward how to properly regulate opinion and exit polls without affecting the free and fair elections.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

4. What are Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)? How do they impact the environment and human health? Evaluate the various measures taken by the government to combat Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs). (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Down to Earth Insights on India

Why the question:

It was once regarded as a miracle chemical to protect against disease and improve global food production. The man who discovered its properties even won a Nobel Prize for medicine. But today, dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) is best known for its devastating effects on the environment, as well as on animal and human health.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about POP, their impact on environment and human health and evaluate the measure taken against them.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining POPs.

Body:

First, mention the harsh impact of the POPs on human health and environment – Exposure to POPs can lead to cancer, damage to central & peripheral nervous systems, diseases of immune system, reproductive disorders and interference with normal infant and child development.

Next, write about the various measures that have been taken to tackle POPs. Evaluate their successes and limitations.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to overcome limitations.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. Protecting forests and grasslands can help slow climate change by promoting carbon storage in soil and plants. Elaborate. Throw light on the potential of 30×30 initiative in conserving and protecting at least 30 per cent of Earth’s surface, on land and at sea, by 2030. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Down to Earth 

Why the question:

One ambitious proposal for stemming these losses is the international initiative known as 30×30: Conserving and protecting at least 30 per cent of Earth’s surface, on land and at sea, by 2030. Currently, 112 countries support this initiative, including the United States. More nations may announce their support at the international biodiversity conference that opens December 7, 2022, in Montreal.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role of forests and grasslands in carbon storage and potential of 30×30 initiative.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about role of forests and grasslands as carbon sink – Forests are an important carbon sink, as both trees and forest soil are able store large amount of carbon for a long time. Cite examples to substantiate.

Next, write the about aims and objectives of 30×30 initiative, its features and its potential in conserving and protecting earth’s land and sea.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. Schools and religious institutions also play a role in inculcating values. Elaborate. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of schools and religious institutions in inculcating values.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining values.

Body:

In the first part, write about the role of schools in inculcating – individual values, relationship values, etc. Cite examples to substantiate.

Next, write about the role of religious institutions in inculcating – religious values, societal values etc. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity;

7. Is it the lack of values or prevalence of greed, that leads to corruption in the country? State your opinion. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining corruption.

Body:

First, write about the factors that aid corruption – lack of values, absence of ethical training, pliable conscience etc.

Next, write about role of greed in corruption – opportunity costs, quid pro quo, acceptance of corruption etc. Write about its impact.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mention measures needed to tackle corruption.


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