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Examine the various issues in India’s fundamental right to religion. How can the issue of “forced” or “deceitful” conversions be addressed?

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

2. Examine the various issues in India’s fundamental right to religion. How can the issue of “forced” or “deceitful” conversions be addressed? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The Supreme Court is hearing a purported Public Interest Litigation (PIL) seeking action to curb deceitful religious conversion in the country. Not wanting to be left behind, the Gujarat government is seeking the removal of a stay on a provision in its anti-conversion law that requires prior permission from the District Magistrate for any conversion done “directly or indirectly”.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the various issues in India’s fundamental right to religion and steps needed to tackle forceful conversions.

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning about Article 25-28.

Body:

First, write about various issues in India’s fundamental right to religion – diverse country with respect to religion, every citizen has the right to choose, practice, propagate and even change his or her religion, certain restrictions provided by the constitution, forceful conversions, communal clashes, violating article 14 in the name of article 25.

Next, write the context regarding forceful or deceitful conversion in the country.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to overcome the above-mentioned issues.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward. 

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