Topic: Food security;
5. Soil degradation can have irreparable consequences on human and ecosystem health. Elaborate. Throw light on the various threats to India’s food security. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Easy
Why the question:
World Soil Day (WSD) 2022, annually observed on December 5, aligns with this. WSD 2022, with its guiding theme, ‘Soils: Where food begins’, is a means to raise awareness on the importance of maintaining healthy soils, ecosystems and human well-being by addressing the growing challenges in soil management, encouraging societies to improve soil health, and advocating the sustainable management of soil.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the consequences of soil degradation, various threats to food security and measures needed to ensure it.
Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by giving statistic related to degrading soil.
First, write about the negative impact of Soil degradation and how it impacts on human ecosystem and health.
Next, write the about the various threats to food security in the country – geopolitical tension, adverse weather events like floods and droughts, improper supply chains, storage issues etc
Conclude by writing a way forward on overcoming the above shortcomings.