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[Mains Enrichment][GS-3] Quotes & Terminologies for GS-3 for UPSC CSE Mains Exam


Few quotes that you can use in the UPSC Mains Exam for Climate change & environment!

  • “Our planet is fast approaching tipping points that will make climate chaos irreversible. We are on a highway to climate hell with our foot still on the accelerator.” –

UN Secretary-General

  • “Human activity is the cause of the climate problem. So human action must be the solution.” – UN Secretary-General
  • “The time is past when humankind thought it could selfishly draw on exhaustible resources. We know now that the world is not a commodity.”

Francois Hollande

  • The world still needs a giant leap on climate ambition. The red line we must not cross is the line that takes our planet over the 1.5 degree temperature.“ – UN Secretary General
  • “The most vital energy source in the world is people power. That is why it is so important to understand the human rights dimension of climate action.” – UN Secretary General
  • “COP 27 must be the place to rebuild trust and re-establish the ambition needed to avoid driving our planet over the climate cliff. must be the place to close the ambition gap,the credibility gap and the solidarity gap. – UN Secretary General
  • “Mission LiFE (Lifestyle for Environment) brings everyone together as pro-planet people. #MissionLiFE will strengthen the concept of 3P – pro-planet people It aims at a 3-pronged strategy for changing people’s collective approach towards sustainability.
    • By nudging individuals to practise simple yet effective environment-friendly actions in their daily lives;
    • By enabling industries and markets to respond swiftly to the changing demand;
    • To influence governments and industrial policy to support both sustainable production and consumption.” -Hon’ble Prime Minister Narendra Modi
  • “Unfortunately, greed is prevailing over need. We need to reverse this trend. The planet is ready to support each and every one of us. But we must treat its resources with wisdom and respect.” – UN Secretary General

Here are a few important climate terminologies to learn & remember! They will be helpful in UPSC mains examination, especially in subjects related to the environment(GS-3)!

  • Ecoanxiety: It’s defined as “a chronic fear of environmental doom”. It’s fuelled by climate inaction & disproportionately affects the younger generations. It can be combated by taking meaningful action,such as campaigning or volunteering, that gives children a sense of agency.
  • Climate Overshoot: The period of time in which warming is increasing past the 1.5°C mark and then cooling back down is called a climate overshoot.
  • Climate Justice: It’s a movement that acknowledges climate change can have differing social,economic, public health,& other adverse impacts on underprivileged populations. Advocates for climate justice are striving to have these inequities addressed head-on through long-term mitigation and adaptation strategies.
    • “Climate change is happening now & to all of us. No country or community is immune. And, as is always the case, the poor & vulnerable are the first to suffer and the worst hit.” UN Secretary-General
  • Climate Emergency: A crisis in which long-term change in the earth’s climate is having severe adverse effects on the environment, necessitating immediate & bold countermeasures. “The climate emergency is a race we are losing,but it is a race we can win”. UN Secretary-General
  • Global Warming Potential(GWP): It’s the ability of a greenhouse gas to absorb heat compared to carbon dioxide over a specified period of time, from 20 to 500 years. The timeframe is important coz each gas has a different rate at which it is removed from the atmosphere.
    • For Example, Sulphur hexafluoride’s GWP at 20 years is 15,100, which means that it has 15,100 times more warming potential than carbon dioxide in that timeframe.
  • Climate Forcing: It refers to how climate affects the physical, chemical and biological attributes of a region.
  • Mitigation potential It’s a measurement of the amount of carbon that can be stored in order to balance the release of carbon.


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