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India assumes the monthly presidency of the UNSC

GS Paper 2

Syllabus: International Organizations


Source: Indian Express

Context: India assumed the Presidency of the UN Security Council in December. India had earlier assumed the Presidency of the UNSC in August 2021.

 Items on Agenda:

  • Reformed Multilateralism
  • Counter-Terrorism
  • Maintenance of International Peace and Security
  • New Orientation for Reformed Multilateralism (NORMS): NORMS envisages reforms in the current multilateral architecture, with the UN at its centre, to make it more representative and fit for purpose.

India’s priority issues have been guided by the “Five S” approach:

  • Samman (Respect)
  • Samvad (Dialogue)
  • Sahyog (Cooperation)
  • Shanti (Peace)
  • Samriddhi (Prosperity)

Recent issues with regard representation of UN membership:

  • Overrepresentation: There is a huge European bias in P-5 due to the presence of the United Kingdom and France, including Russia.
  • Under-representation: While regions like Latin America, the Caribbean Group, the Arab World, and Africa do not have a single permanent member,
  • Question of Veto: All five permanent members of the UNSC enjoy veto power. But the veto has been misused to put national interests ahead of global interests.
  • Non-transparent: The UNSC has been functioning in the most non-transparent and non-consultative way.
  • North-South Inequality: Only China is representative of the global south region, whereas the global north has four nations to present themselves at the UNSC.


UN remains the one place on Earth where all the world’s nations can gather together, discuss common problems, and find shared solutions that benefit all of humanity.


The presidency of the Security Council is held by each of the members in turn for one month, following the English alphabetical order of the Member States’ names.

 How does the president of the UNSC work?

The president is empowered to enforce rules of procedure, such as opening debate, setting the agenda, limiting speaking times for representatives, and suspending or adjourning debate.



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Q. Discuss the need for reforms in the United Nations to strengthen its legitimacy, representativeness and relevance in order to address the realities of contemporary times. (15M)