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PM on India’s G-20 agenda

GS Paper 2

Syllabus: Bilateral, Regional and Global Groupings and Agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

 

Source: TH

 Direction: The article contains many fodder points for mains taken from the letter written by the PM himself as India commences its G20 Presidency.

  

Context: On December 1, 2022, India commences its G20 Presidency

Highlights of the PM’s letter:

 The world remains trapped in the zero-sum mindset:

  • Confrontation and competition between ideas, ideologies and identities have become the norm.
  • For example,
    • Countries fight over territory or resources
    • Supplies of essential goods are weaponised
    • Vaccines are hoarded by a few, even as billions remain vulnerable

 

Tradition in India:

  • It looks at all living beings (even inanimate things) as composed of the same five basic elements (panch tattva) of earth, water, fire, air and space.
  • Harmony among these elements (within us and between us) is essential for humanity’s physical, social and environmental well-being.

  

India’s G20 agenda – Inclusive, ambitious, action-oriented and decisive:

  • Inclusive: India’s G20 Presidency will work to promote the universal sense of one-ness.
    • Hence, “One Earth, One Family, One Future” is the theme of India’s G20 Presidency. It takes into account recent changes in human circumstances.
    • For example, the greatest challenges the world face today are climate change, terrorism and pandemics, which can be solved not by fighting, but only by acting together.
  • Ambitious: The previous 17 Presidencies delivered towards ensuring macro-economic stability, rationalising international taxation, relieving debt burden on countries, etc. India will further work on the achievements of these.
  • Action-oriented: India’s G20 priorities will be shaped in consultation with not just G20 partners, but with the Global South, whose voice often goes unheard.
  • Decisive: India will encourage sustainable and environment-friendly lifestyles, based on India’s tradition of trusteeship towards nature.

 

Comparative advantage to India:

  • Housing one-sixth of humanity and with its immense diversity of languages, religions, customs and beliefs, India is a mirror of the world.
  • With the oldest-known traditions of collective decision-making, India contributes to the foundational DNA of democracy.
  • Today, India is the fastest-growing large economy, having a citizen-centric governance model – national development is a citizen-led “people’s movement”.
  • India has leveraged inclusive technology, delivering revolutionary progress in fields as varied as social protection, financial inclusion and electronic payments.
  • For all these reasons, India’s experiences can provide insights into possible global solutions.

  

Way ahead:

  • For promoting harmony within the human family: Depoliticise the global supply of food, fertilisers and medical products, to ensure that geopolitical tensions do not lead to humanitarian crises.
  • For instilling hope in future generations: Honest conversation among the most powerful countries on mitigating risks posed by weapons of mass destruction and enhancing global security.

Conclusion: India’s G20 Presidency offers the country an opportunity to work together to shape a new paradigm of human-centric globalisation based on the principles of healing, harmony and hope. Fortunately, today’s technology gives the means to address problems on a humanity-wide scale.

 

Insta Links:

As India takes G20 presidency, key takeaways from the summit in Bali

 

Mains Links:

Q. India’s Presidency of the G20, SCO and UNSC is a historic opportunity for reinventing the United Nations. Discuss.

  

Prelims Links:

Consider the following statements:

  1. G20 is a major international grouping with its members accounting for more than 80% of global GDP.
  2. Till now India has never hosted the G20 Leaders’ Summit.
  3. India was not a member of the G20 during its inception but joined later.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) 1, 3

b) 1, 2

c) 1 only

d) 1, 2, 3

 

Solution: b)

  • G20 is a major international grouping that brings together 19 of the world’s major economies and the European Union, with its members accounting for more than 80% of global GDP, 75% of global trade and 60% of the global population.
  • India has been a member of the G20 since its inception in 1999. India will be holding the G20 Presidency from December 2022 and will convene the G20 Leaders’ Summit in 2023 for the first time.