GS Paper 2
Syllabus: Bilateral, Regional and Global Groupings and Agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
Direction: The article contains many fodder points for mains taken from the letter written by the PM himself as India commences its G20 Presidency.
Context: On December 1, 2022, India commences its G20 Presidency
Highlights of the PM’s letter:
The world remains trapped in the zero-sum mindset:
- Confrontation and competition between ideas, ideologies and identities have become the norm.
- For example,
- Countries fight over territory or resources
- Supplies of essential goods are weaponised
- Vaccines are hoarded by a few, even as billions remain vulnerable
Tradition in India:
- It looks at all living beings (even inanimate things) as composed of the same five basic elements (panch tattva) of earth, water, fire, air and space.
- Harmony among these elements (within us and between us) is essential for humanity’s physical, social and environmental well-being.
India’s G20 agenda – Inclusive, ambitious, action-oriented and decisive:
- Inclusive: India’s G20 Presidency will work to promote the universal sense of one-ness.
- Hence, “One Earth, One Family, One Future” is the theme of India’s G20 Presidency. It takes into account recent changes in human circumstances.
- For example, the greatest challenges the world face today are climate change, terrorism and pandemics, which can be solved not by fighting, but only by acting together.
- Ambitious: The previous 17 Presidencies delivered towards ensuring macro-economic stability, rationalising international taxation, relieving debt burden on countries, etc. India will further work on the achievements of these.
- Action-oriented: India’s G20 priorities will be shaped in consultation with not just G20 partners, but with the Global South, whose voice often goes unheard.
- Decisive: India will encourage sustainable and environment-friendly lifestyles, based on India’s tradition of trusteeship towards nature.
Comparative advantage to India:
- Housing one-sixth of humanity and with its immense diversity of languages, religions, customs and beliefs, India is a mirror of the world.
- With the oldest-known traditions of collective decision-making, India contributes to the foundational DNA of democracy.
- Today, India is the fastest-growing large economy, having a citizen-centric governance model – national development is a citizen-led “people’s movement”.
- India has leveraged inclusive technology, delivering revolutionary progress in fields as varied as social protection, financial inclusion and electronic payments.
- For all these reasons, India’s experiences can provide insights into possible global solutions.
- For promoting harmony within the human family: Depoliticise the global supply of food, fertilisers and medical products, to ensure that geopolitical tensions do not lead to humanitarian crises.
- For instilling hope in future generations: Honest conversation among the most powerful countries on mitigating risks posed by weapons of mass destruction and enhancing global security.
Conclusion: India’s G20 Presidency offers the country an opportunity to work together to shape a new paradigm of human-centric globalisation based on the principles of healing, harmony and hope. Fortunately, today’s technology gives the means to address problems on a humanity-wide scale.
Q. India’s Presidency of the G20, SCO and UNSC is a historic opportunity for reinventing the United Nations. Discuss.