Topic: Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
3. The need of the hour is to make addressing child malnutrition the top priority of the government machinery and plug the gaps in how centrally-sponsored schemes aimed at addressing malnutrition are funded and implemented across the country. Discuss. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Why the question:
The Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2022 has brought more unwelcome news for India, as far as its global ranking on a vital indicator of human development is concerned. India ranked 107 out of 121 countries.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about causes and impact of hunger and malnutrition and ways to tackle it.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by giving a statistic regarding Hunger and malnutrition in India.
Describe the impact of hunger and malnutrition in India – status of child mortality, stunting and wasting in India, loss of demographic dividend, extreme poverty etc.
Next write about the causes which contribute to the undernourishment, stunting and wasting of children.
Next, write about the measures that are needed to overcome hunger and malnutrition in the country.
Conclude by writing a way forward.