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New Electric Vehicle Batteries

GS Paper 3

Syllabus: Science and Technology


Source: DTE

Direction: Know a few key initiatives related to EV batteries. Understand how these batteries work. However, no need to get into the technicalities of the working of batteries.


Context: Non-profit Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) has collaborated with the Department of Science and Technology (DST) to create a platform for supporting the development of new electric vehicle (EV) batteries to suit Indian requirements.


Outline of the collaboration:

  • An expert-Industry platform for the development of new electric vehicle (EV) battery technologies
  • Assessing India’s need and climate stress for batteries
  • Application-specific batteriesg., Lithium-titanate for public transport; Sodium-ion for e-rickshaws
  • Recycling of batteries
  • Developing regulations for the in-use performance and durability of EVs and databases on performance and safety parameters


Initiative for EV safety:

  • New Safety tests for EVs
  • Infrastructure for testing and certification by the Automotive Research Association of India
  • BIS issues performance norms for Li-Ion batteries


Government steps for new batteries:

  • Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles in India (FAME India) 1 and 2 Scheme to promote the manufacturing of electric and hybrid vehicles
  • Department of Heavy Industry for implementation of the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme ‘National Programme on Advanced Chemistry Cell (ACC) Battery Storage
  • NITI Aayog released the draft battery swapping policy for Electric Vehicles (EVs)


The current deployment of Lithium-Ion Batteries (LIBs) in India is dominated by consumer electronics, which comprises smartphones, laptops, notebooks, and tablets.


Insta Curious

Did you know, by 2030, the demand for batteries is expected to grow four folds to reach an annual rate of 3,100 GWh?


Insta Links

National Programme on Advanced Chemistry Cell Battery Storage


Mains Links

Q. Lithium-ion batteries are the edifice of the wireless technology revolution. In this context discuss the significance and challenges facing these rechargeable Lithium Batteries. (250 words)


Prelims Links

With reference to ‘fuel cells’ in which hydrogen-rich fuel and oxygen are used to generate electricity, consider the following statements: (UPSC 2015)

    1. If pure hydrogen is used as a fuel, the fuel cell emits heat and water as by-products.
    2. Fuel cells can be used for powering buildings and not for small devices like laptop computers.
    3. Fuel cells produce electricity in the form of Alternating Current (AC).

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer: A

A fuel cell uses the chemical energy of hydrogen or other fuels to cleanly and efficiently produce electricity (in form of Direct Current). It can be used for powering the building as well as small devices (micro fuel cells). Fuel cells work like batteries, but they do not run down or need recharging. They produce electricity and heat as long as fuel is supplied.