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[MISSION 2023] SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 24 November 2022

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

1. Despite major changes in laws and the rights of LGBTQIA+ people, public opinion on the acceptance of LGBTQIA+ in society remains sharply low. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

Saim Sadiq’s debut film Joyland is suffering the wrath of homophobic, religious zealots who, just from watching the trailer, feel that the film is normalizing LGBTQIA folks and promoting a “gay agenda”.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the discrimination and injustice faced by the LGBTQIA+ community and measures needed to end it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by stating that even though LGBTQIA+ people are given legal backing by abolishing section 377, they are still at the bottom of the hierarchy when it comes to basic human rights within the unit of family and society.

Body:

First, state that the social media campaigns and corporate ads for an inclusive society with respect to LGBTQI+ community have only been to a limited urban population. Many families especially in the rural areas are homophobic and transphobic and often treat people from the community to have some kind of psychological disorder.

Next, mention about issues such as forced rapes within families, admission into hospitals for change of sexual orientation, medical institutions admit people from the community along with other psychologically disturbed and conducting some psychological and sexual experiments, instances of suicides, families abandoning those who come out leading to financial insecurity etc.

Conclusion:

Next mention few NGOs and support groups that are trying to mainstream the cause of LGBTQIA+ community and create a truly inclusive society.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

2. Central Information Commission, the apex body under India’s transparency regime must take urgent steps to remove hurdles in the citizens quest for accountability. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

At the centre, it is the Central Information Commission (CIC). Until the 2019 amendment to the RTI Act, Information Commissioners (ICs) appointed to the CIC were equal in status to the Chief Election Commissioner, and that of a Supreme Court judge. They had a five-year fixed term and terms of service. After the amendments of 2019, the Centre gave itself powers to change and decide these terms whenever it wished, thereby striking at the independence of the commission and those who man it.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the healthcare challenges and ways to overcome it.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the aims and objectives of Central Information Commission.

Body:

First, Discuss the issues and constraints faced by CIC in implementing the RTI act. E.g There is no centralised database of RTI applicants at the centre/ state level, thus resulting in decreased accuracy of the annual RTI reports submitted by CIC; There is a general public perception that CIC has been lenient towards the unaccountable PIOs; lack of monitoring and review mechanisms in CIC to make public officers comply with the provisions of the RTI act; High pendency of cases and delayed appointments in CIC etc.

Next, write about the changes introduced by the 2019 amendment to the RTI Act and its impact on the working of CIC.

Next, write about the measures needed to uphold transparency and accountability.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

3. The need of the hour is to make addressing child malnutrition the top priority of the government machinery and plug the gaps in how centrally-sponsored schemes aimed at addressing malnutrition are funded and implemented across the country. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2022 has brought more unwelcome news for India, as far as its global ranking on a vital indicator of human development is concerned. India ranked 107 out of 121 countries.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about causes and impact of hunger and malnutrition and ways to tackle it.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a statistic regarding Hunger and malnutrition in India.

Body:

Describe the impact of hunger and malnutrition in India – status of child mortality, stunting and wasting in India, loss of demographic dividend, extreme poverty etc.

Next write about the causes which contribute to the undernourishment, stunting and wasting of children.

Next, write about the measures that are needed to overcome hunger and malnutrition in the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4. What is Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)? Throw light on its importance to the Indian economy. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 (Revision) Secure timetable.

 Key Demand of the question: 

To write about the role played by FDI in the Indian economy.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining Foreign Direct Investment (FDI).

Body:

Write the various aspects of FDI in emerging economies – First, international flows of capital, diversification of lending and investment, global integration of capital markets, allows the transfer of technology and can also promote competition in the domestic input market etc. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. Write a short note on various measures taken to reform capital markets. What are the current issues in the capital market of the country? Suggest possible reforms for the same.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 (Revision) Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about capital market reforms, present issues and possible solutions to them.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context about the capital markets.

Body:

First, in brief, write about the importance of capital market in the country’s economy.

Next, write about various measures taken in the past to reform the capital markets – The Narasimham Committee (1991), SEBI, Credit Rating etc.

Next, write about the present issues in the capital market in the country and suggest possible measures to resolve them.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

6. What do you understand by the core value system of civil servants? (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining the core value system.

Body:

Write about the role of core values in judgement of civils servants– impartiality, legality, integrity, empathy and transparency. Elaborate with examples as to how it guides the judgement of civil servants and ensure that right decisions are taken.

Conclusion:

Conclude by Summarising.

 

Topic: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker- sections.

7. Justice, accountability and responsiveness in administration is an essential precondition for ensuring that citizens are treated fairly and their rights are upheld. Discuss. (150 Words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining justice, accountability and responsiveness.

Body:

Begin by talking about values which are important to the level of justice and continuity in public administration with suitable examples.

Mention about how public servants must be accountable to the government for the effective delivery of its programs.

Then finally talk about responsiveness of the administration to the government of the day within the law and the how constitution is key to the effective implementation of government policies in an equitable manner.

Conclusion:

Complete the answer by suggesting ways for neutrality in public administration in an increasingly polarizing world.


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