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Think local climate action, think Meenangadi

GS Paper 3

Syllabus: Environment Conservation, Governance, Local Bodies

 

Source: The Hindu

Direction: The editorial article highlights the role of local bodies in climate actions. The following examples can be used in Governance or Environment conservation Qn as examples/Case study

Context: If India has to achieve the set of goals enunciated in the ‘Panchamrit’ resolution of the COP26 climate summit in Glasgow 2021, panchayati raj institutions must play a pivotal role in tackling many of the causes and effects of climate change

Case study 1

Meenangadi Gram Panchayat in Kerala’s Wayanad district

In 2016, the Meenangadi panchayat envisaged a project called ‘Carbon neutral Meenangadi’, the aim being to transform Meenangadi into a state of carbon neutrality.

Actions taken:

  • An action plan was prepared by organising gram sabha meetings. The entire community was involved in the process, with school students, youth, and technical and academic institutions given different assignments
  • Socio-economic surveys and energy-use mapping were also carried out
  • Awareness programme: Through campaigns, classes and studies
  • A greenhouse gas emission inventory was prepared.
  • ‘Tree banking’ was one of the landmark schemes introduced to aid carbon-neutral activities which encouraged the planting of more trees by extending interest-free loans
  • Over 1.5 lakh trees were planted which have also been geo-tagged to monitor their growth.
  • Local economic development was another thrust area where LED bulb manufacturing and related micro-enterprises were initiated.

The panchayat was found to be carbon positive.

 

Case Study 2

Palli gram panchayat in Jammu and Kashmir: It followed the same people-centric model, with specific local activities.

  • The panchayat has prepared a climate-resilient plan where villagers have been made aware of climate change Mitigation factors
  • Bio-gas plants and solar panels were also introduced.
  • A solar plant (500KW) has been installed to power 340 households.
  • A Gram Panchayat Development Plan for 2022-23 is being prepared by integrating a climate-resilient plan.

 

Case study 3

‘Clean and Green Village’ theme: Ministry of Panchayati Raj has focused its attention on localising the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) on a thematic basis. ‘Clean and Green Village’ is one of the themes under it.

Under this theme, panchayats can take up activities on natural resource management, biodiversity protection, waste management and afforestation activities

Over 1 lakh gram panchayats have prioritised ‘Clean & Green Village’ as one of their focus areas for 2022-23.