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[MISSION 2023] SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 23 November 2022

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Social empowerment

1. Although constitutionally banned, untouchability is still practised in India. Examine the reasons for it and suggest steps that must be taken to purge the social evil of untouchability from the society. 250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The recent incident in Heggotara village in Chamarajanagar district of Karnataka, wherein ‘upper caste’ community members drained an entire tank because a thirsty Dalit woman drank from it, is extremely disturbing.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the reasons for prevalence of untouchability and measures needed to end it.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the reasons for the prevalence of untouchability – lack of awareness of rights, caste domination, oppression etc.

Next, write about the measures that can be taken to put an end to untouchability in the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2. The multi-sectoral collaborations to achieve a reduction in suicide mortality in the country as proposed in the National Suicide Prevention Strategy is a much-needed step. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare on Monday announced a National Suicide Prevention Strategy, the first of its kind in the country, with time-bound action plans and multi-sectoral collaborations to achieve reduction in suicide mortality by 10% by 2030.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the features of the National Suicide Prevention Strategy and its role in preventing suicide.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of the launch of National Suicide Prevention Strategy and its objectives.

Body:

In brief, write about the major features proposed by the National Suicide Prevention Strategy in order to prevent loss of life due to suicides.

Next, write about the ways the above will help in achieve reduction in suicide mortality.

Next, write about the shortcomings of the above policy and steps that are needed to make it more robust.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

3. What are Biological Diversity Heritage Sites? Examine their role in preventing loss of biodiversity and to preserve the cultural and architectural heritage of the country. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindumegbiodiversity.nic.in

Why the question:

The Tamil Nadu Government on Tuesday, issued a notification declaring Arittapatti in Melur block, Madurai district, a biodiversity heritage site. The site spans a total area of 193.21 hectares

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the Biological Diversity Heritage Sites, its role in protecting biodiversity and heritage.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining Biological Diversity Heritage Sites.

Body:

Frist, write about the important aspects of biodiversity and heritage they seek to protect – rare, endemic and threatened species, keystone species, species of evolutionary significance and areas with historical significance.

Next, write about their successes and limitation in protecting the biodiversity heritage of the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to over their limitations.

 

Topic: Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges

4. Rumours spread through fake news can create a lot of social turmoil in a country and pose a risk to national security. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the threats posed by disinformation and ways to tackle it.

Directive:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving the context of spread of misinformation in the digital age.

Body:

First, write about the various political, economic and social consequences of the spread of misinformation and fake news. Substantiate with examples.

Next, write about how the above can compromise national security.

Next, write about the measures that are needed to tackle the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

5. Do you think that the Border Security Force (BSF) is well equipped to deal with illegal migration and cross-border crimes? State your opinion. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the efficacy of BSF in dealing with illegal migration and cross-border crimes.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning the objectives of BSF.

Body:

First, give a profile of BSF deployment across India’s borders and their responsibilities.

Next, write about the successes and limitations of BSF in dealing with major security issues such as – illegal migration, trafficking in person and narcotics as well as smuggling in fake Indian currency notes. Cite examples and facts.

Next, write about the measures that are needed to enhance the capacity of the BSF.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“It is our moral failure that we still tolerate poverty” – Ela Bhatt

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about how prevalence and tolerance of poverty is moral failure of the society and why it displays a lack of compassion and altruism. Mention the values that must be promoted to end poverty.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“One’s life has value so long as one attributes value to the life of others.” ― Simone de Beauvoir

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about how one can generate value in his/her life by creating or generating value in others life or contribution to the happiness of others. Cite examples to substantiate wherein people to served others added value to their own life.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.


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