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EDITORIAL ANALYSIS : Where there is no Inequality

 

Source: Indian Express

  • Prelims: SC/ST, OBC,
  • Mains GS Paper I & II: Social empowerment, development and management of social sectors/services related to Education and

ARTICLE HIGHLIGHTS

  • When India celebrates one hundred years since Independence, by then, it should become more egalitarian and more open-minded.

INSIGHTS ON THE ISSUE

Context

Egalitarianism:

  • It is a philosophical perspective that emphasizes equality and equal treatment across gender, religion, economic status, and political beliefs.
  • Egalitarianism may focus on income inequality and distribution, which are ideas that influenced the development of various economic and political systems.
  • Under law: Egalitarianism also looks at how individuals are treated under the law.

 

By 100th independence how India should be?

  • Free of caste: where being a Brahmin, a Kshatriya, a Bania, an OBC, a Dalit or a tribal does not matter.
  • Accountability: Those responsible for governing and protecting citizens are made much more accountable, not so much by the law and the courts, as much as by citizens.
  • Governance: Voters being able to distinguish between good governance and pretense.
  • Bridge the class divide in a country where paymasters and workers, no matter how skilled or how loyal, are underpaid, kept at arm’s length, and notoriously underpaid.

 

Vision for India by 100 years of independence:

  • Secure freedom from casteism
  • Breakdown of the walls that separate community and caste.
  • Young Indians participate in a thinking way in the way elections are fought and votes cast.
  • Citizens must gather voices to question, debate, discuss and kick out those who only sit as cheerleaders for their political party.
  • Classless society which exists in India but which we have never taken note of.

 

SC/ST’s status:

  • SC: They have over 1,000 castes
  • ST: Over 740 tribes, who have distinct cultures and live in geographical isolation, are similarly protected.
  • They constitute around 22 percent of the population.

 

Issues:

  • Political voice and reservation in government services: the efforts have been effective only in small proportions.
  • Those who are better placed, through access to education or their own initiative, continue to benefit.
  • Affirmative action has not addressed the root causes of the continuing predicament of these groups.

 

Way Forward

  • Let more inter-caste marriages bloom and let the diversity of cultures create a band of young Indians who do not need to go to caste-based sites to select a partner.
  • Identify deprivation not just by the caste name being included in the state lists by nativity, but by identifying families among these very groups.
    • where not even one woman in the family has studied beyond Class 8 or is a wage earner in the labor force.
  • Census: We need to have a census of women among the Scheduled Castes and Tribes and work towards educating and equipping them with one test of success.
  • With fertility declining, the goalposts should be changed because India is the only country where women’s labour force participation seems to be declining.
  • Political participation of youth: Media to be assertive, not just choosing their targets.
    • In the UK, ministers are forced to resign over unethical conduct or immoral behavior.
  • By the time, the Indian Republic is 100: citizens must gather voices to question, debate, discuss and kick out those who only sit as cheerleaders for their political party.

 

QUESTION FOR PRACTICE

Q. Discuss the role of the National Commission for Backward Classes in the wake of its transformation from a statutory body to a constitutional body.(UPSC 2022) (200 WORDS, 10 MARKS)