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Due to their remoteness, some sections of Indian coastline often remain unguarded, or poorly guarded, thereby providing ideal spots for the clandestine landings of arms, explosives and other contraband by smugglers as well as infiltration by terrorists. Examine.

Topic:  Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

6. Due to their remoteness, some sections of Indian coastline often remain unguarded, or poorly guarded, thereby providing ideal spots for the clandestine landings of arms, explosives and other contraband by smugglers as well as infiltration by terrorists. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about challenges associated with the remoteness of Indian coastline and ways to overcome it.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

In the first part, write about the various challenges associated with the Indian coastline – infiltration, illegal migration, smuggling, terrorism etc. Physical proximity of India’s coasts to Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Gulf countries adds to its vulnerability. India has faced cross-border terrorism for long.

Next, write about the measures that required to overcome the above – through a mix of technology facilitating surveillance, identification, command and control applications.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.