Topic: Disaster and disaster management.
3. As climate change continues, it will lead to more frequent and severe climate disasters leading to poverty, food shortages and large scale forced migration. Discuss. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: Down to Earth
Why the question:
Disasters, mostly weather-related and potentially due to climate change, are displacing more people than wars and conflicts. Internal migration is picking up: 216 million people will move within their countries by 2050, says a World Bank estimate.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the impact of climate disasters and measures required to prevent them.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by defining climate disasters.
Frist, write about the various types of climate induced disasters and their growing trends in the recent past.
Next, write about the impact of climate disasters – altering the frequency and intensity of hazards, affecting vulnerability, and changing exposure patterns. This will lead to economic losses, poverty, damages and migration. Give statistics to substantiate.
Next, suggest measures needed to overcome them.
Conclude by writing a way forward.