Topic: Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
5. The Intelligence and counter-terror specialist agencies must begin to anticipate how to deal with ‘new era terrorists’, recruited over the Internet as they pose a great challenge to internal security of the country. Analyse. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Tough
Reference: Insights on India
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the threats posed by the convergence of technology and terrorism and steps that should be taken to prevent it.
Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by mentioning that terrorist organizations have co-opted technology as a force multiplier in achieving their objectives.
First, mention about the features of the internet, like end-to-end encryption and virtual private network (VPN), provision of digital currency etc have made it easier than ever for terrorist organizations to find recruits and manage outreach and organization and also launder money for terror financing. Give few instances of terrorist groups using technology to advance their terror activities.
Next, suggest that states to opt for more technology, better technology and skilful deployment of technology against malign actors, need for international co operation and new forums to address the threat of terrorism without borders, need for investments in capacity building, tech firms vigilantism etc all this while maintaining freedom in cyber space..
Conclude by writing a way forward.