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[MISSION 2023] SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 15 November 2022

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Role of women and women’s organization

1. The internet has no borders and it is often misused to harass women and perpetuate misogyny which prevent them for getting equal opportunity and access. Suggest steps make the digital space safer for all, particularly women.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

India has one of the youngest youth demographics in the world (27 per cent are Gen Z while 34 per cent are Millennials) and among the most active online. As online interactions increase, more and more content is created and shared among people, helping them form new and wonderful connections. Sometimes, however, these interactions also make them vulnerable to harm.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the barriers to internet for women and measures needed to tackle it.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by citing key facts with respect to the context of the question.

Body:

In the first part, write about the how internet without borders is a double-edged sword.

Next, write about the issue of rising gender-based cybercrime – Anonymous in nature: VAWG has percolated to the digital realm, and in its anonymous non-confrontational, it must be viewed as an impeding factor to gender justice in the 21st century. Skewed power dynamics: Often between men and women is another example of what sustains digital attacks on women and girls. Symptomatic of societal mentality etc. Absence of protective legislation.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to address the above issues.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2. To achieve the objective of foundational literacy and numeracy in all primary schools, we need to especially focus on community connects and parental involvement. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

It is alarming that India ranks 132 out of 191 countries in the 2021 Human Development Index, which is a measure of a nation’s health, average income, and education.

Key Demand of the question:

To state the societal reasons for low productivity in learning outcomes and suggest possible solutions.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context and citing a statistic regarding foundational literacy and numeracy.

Body:

First, First, write how poverty is limiting education – poor nutrition, lack of adult support, lack of resources and hindrance to quality education etc ad the societal factors which are limiting education –low priority, caste-based discrimination, inequalities, lack of continuity etc.

Next, write about the measures that are needed to overcome the above-mentioned limitations – policy actions, government efforts, awareness, parental involvement etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

3. The current global environment with its macroeconomic, trade and strategic challenges makes it all the more compelling for the world’s two largest democracies to deepen their engagement in a way that is mutually beneficial. Comment in the light Indo-U.S. relations. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen’s visit to India last week highlights the renewed focus in the U.S. on strengthening economic ties with Asia’s third-largest economy and ‘one of America’s indispensable partners’.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the scope of India–United States (US) relations – in spheres of defence, technology, etc especially in the present-day geopolitics.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context regarding the growth of the India-U.S relationship in the recent past.

Body:

In the first part, write about the US as India’s most comprehensive strategic partner, and cooperation between the two extends across multiple areas such as trade, defense, multilateralism, intelligence, cyberspace, civil nuclear energy, education, and healthcare.

Next, write about the present day geo-political challenges and how both countries can navigate them and make an opportunity among them.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

4. The are multiple issues regarding health facilities, disease burden and cost of treatment in treating non-communicable diseases (NCD). In this scenario, evaluate the potential of AYUSH in bridging this gap. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how India can cope up to the huge burden of NCDs and role of AYUSH in this regard.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving statistic regarding NCD’s in India.

Body:

Mention about NCD’s, the burden of NCD’s and the reasons as to why they also need to addressed along with the pandemic. Bring out its impact.

Write the measures that are needed in this hour to tackle NCD’s and the rule AYUSH can play in promoting healthy lifestyles and preventing NCDs. Mention the role it can play in its treatment.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

5. Stem cell therapy is gaining popularity in India to treat a wide variety of medical conditions including leukaemia, Thalassemia, damaged cornea and several burns. Describe briefly what stem cell therapy is and what advantages it has over other treatments? (UPSC mains 2017) (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about stem cell therapy, its applications and advantages.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining stem cells.

Body:

First, explain in detail the concept of stem cell therapy.

Next, write about the various applications of stem cell therapy apart from the above-mentioned treatment – Stem cells have been reported for the therapy of multiple diseases such as leukaemia, lymphoma, brain and spinal cord injury, heart failure, hearing loss etc.

Next, write about the advantages stem cells have over other forms of treatment.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Work culture, Quality of service delivery etc.

6. Emotional intelligence is a crucial component of leadership. Your ability to manage your emotions, as well as recognize and influence others’, has been considered one of the strongest indicators of workplace performance. Explain. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Conceptual Tuesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To develop a link between emotional intelligence and good leadership.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining emotional intelligence (EI).

Body:

First mention the role of EI in – perceiving emotions, using emotions, understanding emotions, and managing emotions.

Next, link the emotional aspect of EI with communication and persuasion – attempting to influence an outcome or followers using – authority, consistency and commitment, liking and reciprocity/reciprocation etc. Write about its link with the leadership.

Conclusion:

Complete the answer by stressing on the implications for leaders and employers in understanding the importance of interpersonal relationships in the organizational context.

 

Topic: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

7. Contentment can help you distinguish between wants and needs. Discuss the importance of contentment for civil servants. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Conceptual Tuesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of contentment.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining contentment.

Body:

Write about the importance of contentment – Contentment means to be happy with what you have, who you are, and where you are. It is respecting the reality of the present. It is appreciating what you do have and where you are in life. Contentment does not mean the absence of desire; it just means you are satisfied with your present, and you trust that the turns your life takes will be for the best.

Cite suitable examples to substantiate the above.

Conclusion:

Complete the answer by summarising.


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