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Nadaprabhu Kempegowda

GS Paper 1

Syllabus: Famous Historical personalities

Source: Indian Express

 Direction: Just go through the life of Nadaprabhu Kempegowda and his achievements. Revise the Vijaynagar Kingdom.

 

Context: Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled the statue of Nadaprabhu Kempegowda installed at the Kempegowda International Airport in Bengaluru.

  • Called the Statue of Prosperity, it weighs 220 tonnes and has a sword with a weight of 4 tonnes.

 

The structure has been termed the “first and tallest bronze statue of a founder of a city” by the World Book of Records.

 About Kempegowda:

He was a 16th-century chieftain under the erstwhile Vijayanagara Empire. He is credited with laying the foundation of what is today known as Bengaluru city in 1537. He is revered in parts of southern Karnataka, especially by the Vokkaliga community which is dominant in the Old Mysuru.

  

His Achievements:

  • Against Social Evils: Nadaprabhu Kempegowda abolished the practice of cutting the fingers of the left hand of an unmarried woman during a custom known as Bandi Devaru.
  • Infrastructure: Kempegowda is also known to have developed around 1,000 lakes in the city to cater to drinking and agricultural needs.
  • Literature: The ruler knew multiple languages, besides Kannada, and even authored a Yakshagana play in Telugu named Gangagaurivilasa.

  

About the Statue:

Ram Vanji Sutar, renowned sculptor and Padma Bhushan awardee, designed the statue. Mr Sutar had also built the Statue of Unity in Gujarat and the statue of Mahatma Gandhi in Bengaluru’s Vidhana Soudha.

  

 

 

Insta Links:

Vijaynagara Empire

 

Mains Link:

Q. Krishnadeva Raya, the King of Vijayanagar, was not only an accomplished scholar himself but was also a great patron of learning and literature. Discuss. (UPSC 2016)

 

Prelims Link:

Q . With reference to Indian history, which of the following statements is/are correct?

    1. The Nizamat of Arcot emerged out of Hyderabad State.
    2. The Mysore Kingdom emerged out of Vijaynagara Empire.
    3. Rohilkhand Kingdom was formed out of the territories occupied by Ahmad Shah Durrani.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) 1 and 2

(b) 2 Only

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 3 Only

Answer: A

Solution: The state of Rohilkhand emerged in 1721 in the declining Mughal Empire in the modern districts of Rampur, Bareilly etc. Ahmad Shah Durrani started his invasion of India in 1748.