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[MISSION 2023] SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 10 November 2022

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Effects of globalization on Indian society.

1. While the process of globalization was inevitable, it could lead to unemployment and social injustice, as well as to imposing cuts on social programme. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Insights on IndiaIndian Express

Why the question:

Meta Platforms Inc on Wednesday became the latest US company to cut jobs to rein in costs amid tightening monetary policy and growing fears of a recession. Job cuts announced by US-based employers jumped 13 per cent to 33,843 in October, the highest since February 2021, a report said.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the negative impact of globalisation on the society in terms of unemployment and social injustice.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining globalisation.

Body:

First, write about the double edged that that is globalisation as it has positive as well as negative impacts.

Next, write about the negative impacts of globalisation on unemployment and social justice. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

2. Discuss the role that television and cinema can play in fostering national interest and building social solidarity in the country. Do you think mandatory playing of national interest content on television channels can help us achieve promote the best interests of society? (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressDeccan Herald

Why the question:

The Union Cabinet has approved the ‘Guidelines for Uplinking and Downlinking of Television Channels in India, 2022’, under which it has become obligatory for channels to telecast content in national and public interest.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role television and cinema in promoting national interest as well the if mandatory rules can achieve that.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context regarding the new guidelines on national content.

Body:

First, write about the ways in which cinema and television can promote national interest – awareness, spread patriotism, social influence etc.

Also, write about the mandatory playing of national interest content on tv channels – mention the ways it can be effective in achieving the desired aims as well as its shortcomings.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a balanced opinion.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

3.  The Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) judgment fails to uphold the constitutional values meant to end the perpetuation of discrimination against the SCs, STs and other backward classes. Critically Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian ExpressThe Hindu

Why the question:

The Supreme Court of India’s recent decision, upholding the constitutional validity of the law granting 10% reservation to Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) of the upper castes, has ignited much debate. Some pundits have affirmed the judgment marks the death knell of caste as a factor in reservation, while others argue that it underscores its perpetual relevance.

Key Demand of the question:

To write critically examine the EWS judgement of the SC and give a balanced opinion regarding EWS reservation.

Directive word: 

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving the context of 103rd constitutional amendment act and what it introduced.

Body:

First, write about the how the above judgement could adversely affect the members of SC, ST and OBC communities and how non-discrimination and compensatory discrimination does not violate the equality code.

Next, write about the need of EWS reservation and the need to move away from caste-centric definition of backwardness.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a balanced opinion.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

4.  Enumerate the five nectar elements of Panchamrit declaration of India’s climate action. What steps are needed for India to achieve net zero by 2070? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the elements of Panchamrit declaration and to suggest ways for India to achieve net zero emissions by 2070.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context regarding India’s announcement at cop-26 at Glasgow.

Body:

First, write the 5 elements of Panchamrit declaration.

Next, part suggest innovative measures that India can take to cut down emissions – mainstreaming solar, harnessing nuclear energy, moving towards EV, bio fuels, carbon capture and storage etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

5. As wetlands are very important for ecological processes as well as for their rich flora and fauna, the broad objectives of the Ramsar Convention are to stem the loss of wetlands and to ensure their conservation. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India ,Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of wetland ecosystem and how Ramsar convention helps protect wetlands.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining a wetland and its types.

Body:

Write about the various functions performed by a wetland- water-related ecosystem services, productive areas for plant life and animals, major habitat for most of the world’s waterbirds and key habitat for migratory species, important source of food and high recreational, historical, scientific, and cultural values.

Next, write about Ramsar convention, its achievements in protecting wetlands and limitations.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. What do you understand by ‘environmental integrity’?  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2023. Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about environmental integrity, its features and its importance.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining ‘environmental integrity’.

Body:

In the first part, write about the various features of environmental integrity and its dimensions.

Next, write about the importance of environmental integrity and cite examples to substantiate your points.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. One needs to order different virtues in a hierarchy in order to help one to make a decision in the case of a conflict. Elaborate. (150 Words)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2023. Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about taking decision and overcoming conflicts by having a hierarchy of values.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving context regarding conflicts in decision making.

Body:

First, write about the ways conflicts impact decision making and its outcome – delays, improper decision making, dereliction of duty etc.

Next, write about how having a set of hierarchy of virtues can help in resolving conflicts.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.


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