Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
5. As wetlands are very important for ecological processes as well as for their rich flora and fauna, the broad objectives of the Ramsar Convention are to stem the loss of wetlands and to ensure their conservation. Discuss. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the importance of wetland ecosystem and how Ramsar convention helps protect wetlands.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by defining a wetland and its types.
Write about the various functions performed by a wetland- water-related ecosystem services, productive areas for plant life and animals, major habitat for most of the world’s waterbirds and key habitat for migratory species, important source of food and high recreational, historical, scientific, and cultural values.
Next, write about Ramsar convention, its achievements in protecting wetlands and limitations.
Conclude by writing a way forward.