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[MISSION 2023] SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 7 November 2022

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

1. Ever since its independence, India has always been resolute in reclaiming the parts of Kashmir that were stolen by Pakistan. Regardless of the situation on the ground, the area is historically and legally part of the Indian Union. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

A controversy is raging between Congress and the BJP, which Dr Karan Singh, son of the former Maharaja of Kashmir, Hari Singh, has got sucked into. But the entire battle is being fought on the basis of perceptions, making facts the casualty.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about issues regarding accession of Kashmir, issues regarding and steps that are needed to resolve it.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving context regarding Kashmir Accession.

Body:

First, write about the Instrument of Accession and its nature post which Kashmir became a part of the Indian union.

Next, write about the various issues in the above, leading to the illegal occupation of parts of Kashmir by Pakistan and India’s response to it. Trace the developments to the present day.

Next, write about the possible solutions to settle the Kashmir issue.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Role of women and women’s organization,

2. The physical and societal aspects of the Marie Curies’ work contributed to shaping the world of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. If Curie’s work helped overturn established ideas in physics and chemistry, it has had an equally profound effect in the societal sphere. Elaborate. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: News 18

Why the question:

National Cancer Awareness Day was first announced by the then Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare, Dr Harsh Vardhan, in September 2014. This day coincides with the birth anniversary of the Nobel Prize winner Marie Curie, a scientist born in 1867.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the contributions of Marie Curie to science and society.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context regarding the achievements of Marie Curie.

Body:

First, write about the contributions of the Marie Curie to the scientific field – her theories, experiments, Nobel wards and the outcomes of her research.

Also, write about her direct and indirect contributions to the society of that period.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning her legacy.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

3. India and Brazil are natural powerhouses who have their strong relationship based on a common global vision, commitment to development and shared democratic values. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

In the presidential election in Brazil, on October 30 (the second round), the two-time former President, and leader of the leftist Worker’s Party (PT), Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva — universally known as Lula — defeated the far-right incumbent president, Jair Bolsonaro.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of ties of between India and Brazil and their common aims and objectives.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving similarities in the vision between India and Brazil.

Body:

First, write about the evolution of India-Brazil ties – strategic partnership since 2006, deepened in 2020 through the Action Plan to Strengthen the Strategic Partnership and are working together in various international forums, like BRICS, IBSA, G4, G20, BASIC, and the United Nations.

Next, write about they represent the second and sixth most populous countries in the world and the fifth and ninth largest economies respectively. They are also leading voices in their region and active players in the global arena.

Next, write about the ways in which they can strengthen their partnership and ensure shape the global multilateral order.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

4.  The quality of a nation’s infrastructure is a critical index of its economic vitality. Infrastructure investments translates into improving aspects of life quality, such as health, economic opportunity and leisure. Elucidate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The finance minister will present her budget in Parliament in just over two months. Though these are early days for speculations on the likely budget proposals, many feel that the government would continue its generous allocation towards infrastructure spending. In her previous budget, the FM had increased the outlay for capital expenditure by 35.4% from Rs 5.54 lakh crore to Rs 7.50 lakh crore in FY23. The expectations are that this might go up to Rs 10 lakh crore in the forthcoming budget.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the relationship with economic growth and development, and infrastructure.

Directive word: 

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the ways in which infrastructure promotes economic growth – write about forward linkages and backward linkages etc.

Next, write about how economic growth can bring about change in infrastructure – with increase in income levels, the composition of infrastructure changes. Cite examples and facts to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

5. The carbon capture, utilisation, and storage (CCUS) technology holds a great potential to mitigate the emissions from fossil fuels. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about carbon capture utilisation technologies and their significance in mitigating emissions.

Directive word:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly explain the concept of carbon capture utilisation technologies.

Body:

Explain the coming of carbon capture utilisation technologies; Carbon Capture and Storage, is a technology which captures carbon dioxide (CO2) from the burning of coal and gas for power generation, and from the manufacturing of steel, cement and other industrial facilities.  It involves the transportation of CO2 either by pipeline or ship, for safe and permanent underground storage. Thus, it helps in preventing it from entering the atmosphere and contributing to anthropogenic climate change.

Next, write about the limitations of CCUS technologies.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a forward and efforts needed to explore this technology.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. As a policy tool to control greenhouse gas emissions, the carbon emissions trading mechanism can achieve the goal of reducing emissions while minimizing overall emissions reduction costs through market transactions. Examine.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about carbon market and India’s potential in using it to fight climate change.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining carbon market.

Body:

In the first part, in detail, write about the structure and functioning of carbon market and its brief history.

Next, write about the potential of carbon markets in reducing carbon emissions and fighting climate change. Write the ways in which it would help. Substantiate with facts and examples.

Next, write about the challenges and limitations associated with carbon markets in India. Mention ways to overcome them.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. One should be intent on the action, not on the fruits of action. Elaborate. (150 Words)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of focussing on the intent and not on the outcome.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving context regarding the difference between intent and action.

Body:

Mention as to what happens when the outcome of the action more emphasised rather than the intent of the action. One tends to lose their path to have favourable outcomes rather than sticking to original intent. Cite examples to elaborate.

Conclusion:

Give a concise summation of your views to conclude the answer.


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