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[MISSION 2023] SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 4 November 2022

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.

1. Throw light on various types of volcanic landforms. Many volcanic eruptions and earthquakes occur around the rim of the Pacific Ocean. Why? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The ground is shaking and swelling at Mauna Loa, the largest active volcano in the world, indicating that it could erupt. Scientists say they don’t expect that to happen right away but officials on the Big Island of Hawaii are telling residents to be prepared in case it does erupt soon.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about volcanic landforms and reasons for frequent eruptions and earthquakes in the rim of the Pacific Ocean.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving context about volcano and volcanism.

Body:

First, write in detail about the different types of volcanic landforms – Volcanic landforms are divided into extrusive and intrusive landforms etc.

Next, write about the Pacific Ring of Fire and explaining the reason behind its active state due to which it hosts the largest number of active volcanoes of the world, its association with plate tectonics.

Conclusion:

Conclude by Summarising.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

2.  Discuss the importance of Black Sea Grain Initiative. Do you think this can prevent escalating global food prices emanating from supply chain disruptions?  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

In a move that allayed concerns about yet another disruption to global food supply chains, Russia on Wednesday re-joined the Black Sea Grain deal. The reversal came a day after Russian President Vladimir Putin stated that Moscow would suspend, but not end, its involvement in the deal.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the Black Sea Grain Initiative and its efficacy in preventing escalating food prices.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context about the Black Sea Grain Initiative.

Body:

First, write about the major features of the Black Sea Grain Initiative – to provide for a safe maritime humanitarian corridor for Ukrainian exports, commercial ships are required to register directly with the JCC and its importance.

Next, write about the potential and the shortcomings of the Black Sea Grain Initiative.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

3. Policy-makers have given a higher priority to the poverty-reducing properties of inclusive growth rather than growth per se that has resulted in in the reduction of absolute poverty in the past couple of decades. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question: 

The recent release of the NFHS data for 2019-21 allows for a detailed analysis of the progress in the reduction of absolute poverty and related determinants like nutrition.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about impact of inclusive growth and reduction in absolute poverty in the country.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context regarding in decline in absolute poverty.

Body:

First, write about the emphasis on inclusive growth by the policy makers in the past couple of decades and the steps and measures that were taken in this regard.

Next, write about the successes and limitations of the above-mentioned measures.

Next, write about the further measures that are needed to end absolute poverty.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

4. Do you think that climate engineering is a good strategy to overcome the challenges posed by global warming? State your opinion. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: en.wikipedia.org

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To analyse if climate engineering could be a viable option to overcome the climate crisis.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by defining climate engineering.

Body:

You can use a bubble diagram to show the various modes of geo-engineering such as Shoot Mirrors into Space (Solar Sunscreen), Copy a Volcano, Build Fake Trees etc.

In the first part of the body, write about how the above strategies work and will be beneficial for the planet above and over existing mitigation strategies to tide over the climate crisis. Clearly outline as to why it may be needed.

In the next part, mention about the major drawbacks, impediments and concerns regarding the implementation of the above strategies

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a balanced opinion.

 

Topic: Disaster and disaster management.

5. Landslides are unparalleled catastrophes. Landslides are among the major hydro-geological hazards that affect large parts of India besides the Himalayas. The dangers of not taking ecological challenges related to deforestation seriously is making landslides more catastrophic. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To analyse the natural anthropogenic causes of landslides and to account for their increased risk.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly introduce landslide by defining them. Give examples of some major landslides in the recent past.

Body:

Mention the natural factors behind the causes of landslides in India with a few examples. Mention the areas which are most prone to landslides. Draw a small illustrative map showing the same.

Next bring in the instances of human activity induced landslides. Bring forth the anthropogenic factors responsible for causing Landslides. Substantiate with facts and figures regarding the incidence of landslides. For eg:  a 2018 report from Copernicus Publications, which states that 18% of global human-induced landslide casualties occur in India. Mention the stats from recent NCRB report on casualties from Landslides.

Reason as to why the increase in anthropogenic induced landslides is alarming and cause of concern. Give solutions to overcome the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators

6. Explain the core elements of Buddhist ethics. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: plato.stanford.edu

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Directive:

Explain – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In the introduction, given brief of major aspects of Buddhist ethics.

Body:

Explain the detail that Buddhism proposes a way of thinking about ethics based on the assumption that all sentient beings want to avoid pain. Thus, the Buddha teaches that an action is good if it leads to freedom from suffering.

Next, Mention the Do No Harm principle, Compassion, Justice and Accountability etc which the Buddhist philosophy emphasises.

Mention its application in daily life,

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning Buddhist moral claims of compassion and equality can contribute to the thinking of modern educational issues, such as peace education, ecological education

 

Topic: laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance;

7. A moral compass helps provide an objective standard to help each of us define and address our ethical or moral weaknesses. Elaborate. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question: To write about how moral compass leads to describe conscience, our inner sense of right and wrong offers a framework to guide our actions.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by describing what you understand by moral compass (conscience) which governs the actions you take in day-to-day life.

Body:

Elaborate on how a moral compass helps people make ethical decisions by helping to determine which actions would help or harm others, society, or the environment. It also helps people see how their actions can have consequences for other people and cultures.

Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Complete the answer by bring out how the moral compass prevents us acting purely from self-interest and helps us live a life of integrity.


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