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[MISSION 2023] SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 3 November 2022

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1. What is nationalism? What were the factors that led to the rise of Indian nationalism in the mid-nineteenth century? Discuss the different views regarding nationalism for various Indian nationalists.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The wave of historical revisionism that India is experiencing today finds expression in different kinds of misrepresentation of the past in textbooks as well as in public discourse.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about nationalism, factors for its rise and different views regarding it.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining nationalism.

Body:

First, write about the various factors that led to rise of nationalism in India – the Despotic nature of the rule, the racial discrimination, indiscriminate taxation, ruining of Industries, Introduction of modern education, the influx of ideas of liberalism and constitutionalism, the rise of an educated middle class, the impact of the press, the impact of socio-religious reform movements etc.

Next, write about the different views regarding nationalism for various leaders such as – Gandhi, Nehru, Savarkar, Bose, Tilak etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Role of women and women’s organization

2. Discuss the contributions of Self-Employed Women’s Association (SEWA) as a meeting point for poor, Indian women who are regularly marginalized across rural landscapes and isolated to urban slums and bringing together women across castes and class who share experiences of labour exploitation.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

Elaben Bhatt, 89, noted Gandhian, leading women’s empowerment activist, and renowned founder of the Self-Employed Women’s Association (SEWA) passed away on Wednesday in a hospital in Ahmedabad after a brief illness.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about SWEA model and its contributions.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving the aims and objectives of SEWA.

Body:

First, write about the context that led to the formation of SEWA and its Gandhian ideals.

Next, write about the features of SEWA model – economic tools, Governmental tools, Action oriented research, Social platform, full employment and self-reliance etc.

Next, write about the various achievements of the SEWA model.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3. Critically analyse the provisions of the draft Indian Telecommunications 2022 bill, which aims to address the issues in the telecom sector and improve the ease of doing business in the digital ecosystem, promoting innovation, and incentivising investments. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

Indian Telecommunication Bill, which reimagines and reshapes the digital architecture while creating possibilities for the start-up ecosystem. The proposed draft Bill brings together telecom operators (providers of physical infrastructure), Over-the-Top service providers (OTTs) and internet-based communication systems under one roof.

Key Demand of the question:

To critically examine the draft Indian Telecommunications 2022 bill, its positives and limitations.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving aims and objectives of the draft Indian Telecommunications 2022 bill

Body:

In the first part, mention salient features of the draft Indian Telecommunications 2022 bill

Next, write about how the draft Indian Telecommunications 2022 bill will result in addressing problems in the telecom sector by generating more revenue, equitable growth etc.

Next, write about the limitation the proposed draft bill.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

4. What is climate change? How is climate change impacting India? Evaluate India’s efforts at mitigating the effects of climate change. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the implications of changing climate on various aspects of Indian region and also evaluate upon the Key actions taken by India towards combating and adapting to climate change.

Directive word:

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining climate change.

Body:

First, write in detail the implications of changing climate on various aspects of Indian region such as – food security, Agriculture systems, water security, Energy infrastructure and supply, coastal ecosystem etc. Also explain its effect on human health, social issues, cascading of climatic hazards etc.

Then discuss the key actions taken by India towards combating and adapting to climate change. Evaluate their impact. Cite statistics and examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a forward.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

5. India faces an increasing threat from acid rain. Acid rainwater may cause irreparable damage to the country’s biodiversity, crop yields and the economy. What measures are required to counter them? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Environment by Shankar

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain the adverse impacts of acid rain and steps needed to counter them.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin the defining acid rain.

Body:

Frist, in brief explain first the major reasons behind the occurrence of acid rains.

Next, discuss that acid rains are harmful for both biotic and abiotic elements. it corrodes the surface and rendered it riddled with hole. Yellowing of marble and lime stone and other such delicate surface gets destroyed. It is also harmful for textile and metals as it reduces their quality and make them weak. Moreover, it makes the soil acidic and reduces the fertility.

Next, discuss what needs to be done. Highlight the efforts of the government in this direction

Conclusion:

Write a way forward to mitigate the impact of acid rain.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

6. Integrity is a highly valued trait, especially in civil servants. When you live with integrity, you’re more likely to be considered for important positions. Substantiate. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2023. Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how Integrity is important for civil servants.

Directive word: 

Substantiate – When you are asked to Substantiate, you must pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question using suitable case studies or/ and examples.

Introduction: 

Begin by defining what is Integrity.

Body:

Mention how integrity boosts the moral values such as honesty, fairness, decency etc that boosts one’s moral character and contributes to an ethical system. Use examples to support the argument.

Also, write about how with having Integrity as foundational value, we can add more virtues for ethical development.

Conclusion:

Mention that it further boosts self-awareness of individuals and aids for a just society.

 

Topic: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

7. The importance of empathy is rooted in our capacity to understand what others feel and act on it. Elaborate. (150 Words)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2023. Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of empathy.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining empathy.

Body:

Briefly touch upon the concept of empathy and thereafter elaborate on how empathy is the most important component of being emotionally intelligent – ability to communicate, understanding others’ thoughts, views, and feelings, important aspect of EQ etc.  Give examples to justify the same.

Conclusion:

Give a concise summation of your views to conclude the answer.


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