Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
2. Critically examine the performance of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), 2005. What are the various issues that need addressing to improve the performance of MGNREGA? (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Why the question:
An internal study commissioned by the Ministry of Rural Development has argued for decentralisation of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), allowing for more “flexibility” at the ground level.
Key Demand of the question:
To critically write about the performance of MGNREGA and ways to improve its performance.
Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
Give brief introduction of aims and objectives of MGNREGA.
First, in brief, write about the salient features of NGNREGA.
Next, write about the successes and limitations of MGNREGA since its inception. Cite examples and statistics to substantiate.
Next, write about the measures that are needed to overcome the above-mentioned limitations.
Conclude with way forward.