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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 27 October 2022

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

1. Colonialism may have been political philosophy but impact of colonisation was experienced differently across regions, classes and castes across the world. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu , Insights on India

Why the question:

A popular theme at seminars this autumn is de-colonisation. The concept notes explaining the theme treat it like a new deodorant — much required, of course, and expected to cure a chronic problem for good. Not that earlier generations had ignored it, but perhaps they lacked determination and propitious circumstances.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about colonialism, its social and economic impact across the world.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining colonialism.

Body:

First, write about the social impact of colonialism. Write both the positive and negative impacts witnessed across the world.

Next, write about the economic impact of colonialism. Write about the drain, the deindustrialisation, the economic stagnation as well positive impact of colonial rule.

Next, account for differences in colonialism across the world.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a balanced opinion.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2. The National Credits Framework (NCrF) aims to achieve equivalence between general and vocational education and allow learners to exit and re-enter the education ecosystem at multiple points. State your opinion on its potential to be a game changer for the education sector.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

In a bid to integrate academic and vocational or skill-based education, Union Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan on October 19 unveiled the draft report on the National Credits Framework (NCrF) and invited nationwide public consultations and suggestions on the proposed educational credits system.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about NCrF, its features, potential and limitations.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the aims and objectives of National Credits Framework (NCrF).

Body:

First, write in detail, the various features of National Credits Framework (NCrF).

Next, write about the potential of National Credits Framework (NCrF) to be a game changer got the Indian education sector.

Finally, write about its shortcomings and limitations.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3. The Surrogacy Act and the Assisted Reproduction Technology Act impinge upon right to privacy, reproductive autonomy, and falls short in recognising non-traditional families. Critically analyse. (250 words).

Difficulty level: Moderate.

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The Surrogacy (Regulation) Act 2021 and the Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Act 2021 (ART Act) came into force early this year. The Acts aim to regulate the multimillion-dollar industry of reproductive medicine, stipulate who can access assisted reproductive technologies and procedures such as in vitro fertilisation and surrogacy, the conditions under which gamete donation and surrogacy can take place, and specify requirements for clinics to operate.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the various issues in the Surrogacy Act and the Assisted Reproduction Technology Act and measures to rectify it.

Directive word:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the major features of Surrogacy Act and the Assisted Reproduction Technology Act and recent changes introduced in them.

Next, mention in detail as to how the above result in impinging upon right to privacy, reproductive autonomy, and falls short in recognising non-traditional families.

Next, mention the steps that are needed to rectify the above shortcomings.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

4. Examine the causes of water pollution in the country and its short term and long-term consequences. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the causes of water pollution, its short term and long term consequences.

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining water pollution.

Body:

First, cite statistics indicating the level and extent of water pollution in the country.

Next, write about the causes of water pollution in the country – Industry, agriculture and livestock farming, Rubbish and faecal water dumping, Maritime traffic and Fuel spillages etc.

Next, write about the short and long-term consequences for the above. Cite examples and facts to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning various measures that need taken to tackle water pollution.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. Critically analyse the policy measures taken in India to tackle air pollution. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the steps taken so far to tackle air pollution and their successes and limitations.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by giving air pollution statistics in India.

Body:

In brief, write about the impact of air pollution in India.

Next, write about the various policy measures like Air Pollution Act, National Clean Air Programme (NCAP), Commission for Air Quality Management, Graded Response Action Plan, National Ambient Air Quality Standard etc.

Next, write about the successes and limitations of the above measures aimed at improving air quality.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward with a way to overcome air pollution.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics;

6. Is abortion morally justified? debate on the ethicality of abortions.  (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2023. Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To debate upon the ethicality of abortion.

Directive word: 

Debate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context and mentioning the ethical dilemmas associated with the act of abortion.

Body:

First, argue on the how abortion is unethical on the basis of abortion is deliberate killing of an innocent human being, A foetus as Moral personhood, Rights of the foetus and Causing pain.

Next, argue on the side of ethicality of abortion. foetus is not necessarily a ‘person’, rights of the mother’s bodily autonomy, dangers to mothers’ health etc.

Conclusion:

Pass a balanced judgement on the ethicality of the act of abortion.

 

Topic: challenges of corruption.

7. Fighting corruption is often seen as a crucial step towards building better public institutions and improving the quality-of-service delivery. Comment. (250 words)

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2023. Secure.

Key Demand of the question: 

To write about the importance of fighting corruption.

Directive word:

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving importance of having a corruptionless public service delivery.

Body:

Write about the importance of fighting corruption – creates jobs, achieves gender equality, and secures wider access to essential services such as healthcare and education etc. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning various ways to fight corruption in public service.


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