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EDITORIAL ANALYSIS :This Diwali, Light a Lamp within

Source: Indian Express


  • Prelims:Current events of national importance, democracy, covid, elections etc
  • Mains GS Paper I and II:Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, institutions and other measures etc


  • The assembly elections are going to be conducted in Himachal Pradesh and Gujarat.





  • It is a five-day Hindu, Sikh, and Jain religious celebrationthat begins on the 13th day of the dark half of the moon cycle Ashvina and ends on the 2nd day of the bright half of the moon month Karttika.
  • Deepavali, which means “row of lights” in Sanskrit, is the source of the name.
  • The event is a celebration of light triumphing over darkness.
  • Diwali traditions and celebrations vary by area.


Assembly elections:

  • At the state level the election is called assembly elections and is divided into a specific number of assembly constituencies.
  • The elected representatives in the state are called MLAs.
  • They are elected for a 5 years term.
  • The democratic system in India is based on the principle of universal adult suffrage.


Voting system in present times:

  • Normally in elections, We vote once in five years
  • Methods of voting in today’s world on different events:
    • Like button on social media is a vote
    • The thumbs up emoji
    • The WhatsApp forward


Impacts of voting online:

  • Live in constant judgment mode.
  • Live more like a consumer than a citizen.
  • Constant voting mindset affects our moral reasoning.



  • Democracy is a form of government in which rulers are elected by the people in a free and fair elections, on universal adult franchise.
  • Fundamental rules: It is governed on the basis of certain fundamental rules like a constitution.
  • Political philosophy: It  has been a part of contemporary political philosophy and other social choice theories.
  • Discussions: Democracy is about a government by discussion but that discussion should not divide us into two hard brackets.



Ambedkar about differences;

  • “We are going to enter into a life of contradictions. In politics, we will have equality and in social and economic life we will have inequality.”


Negative impacts of polarization:

  • Everyone is branded an “enemy:whether merely a political rival
  • Praising political rivalry: One cannot praise an adversary.
    • Example: Mulayam Singh Yadav paised PM Modi after 2019 elections.
  • Minimal democracy: makes us more of a minimal democracy rather than a maximum democracy.
  • Democracy becomes just lining up to vote once in five years: rather than the universal human pursuit of speaking, expressing, reviewing, decision making, valuing togetherness.



Way Forward

  • Blur the divide: The biggest ability of democracy is to blur the divide between “for and against” and enhance the social capability of moral reasoning.
    • We the people, we for people and we by people means that we listen to each other.
  • The great king Ashoka argued: “For he who does reverence to his sect while disparaging the sects of others wholly from attachment to his sect, in reality, inflicts, by such conduct, the severest injury on his sect”.
  • Realization: that inflicting injury on others is causing severe injury on ourselves that healing others is healing ourselves.




  1. On what grounds a people’s representative can be disqualified under the Representation of People Act, 1951? Also mention the remedies available to such person against his disqualification.(UPSC 2019)

(200 WORDS, 10 MARKS)