GS3 and GS1
Syllabus: Disaster Management
Context:15th Finance commission for the first time made a provision for recovery and reconstruction in the national disaster management budget, which is at the core of the Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA).
What is PDNA?
The Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) is an internationally accepted methodology for determining the physical damages, economic losses, and costs of meeting recovery needs after a natural disaster through a government-led process.
For E.g. a number of farmers’ income affected per damaged acre of land and livelihoods lost is calculated.
- PDNA was first adopted during the Kerala floods of 2018 and again during the cyclone in Odisha in 2019.
- Until now it was only limited to massive disasters that needed international funding from World Bank, Asian Development Bank and United Nations.
- But now the Disaster Management Authorities are working towards applying PDNA for all disasters.
- It is now being done simultaneously in 8 states Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Odisha and Meghalaya.
Significance of PDNA:
- Helps get recovery and rehabilitation right after a disaster.
- It adds a recovery and resilience component to disaster management.
- Aims to encourage building back better.
- A holistic recovery programme that promotes equity and inclusion.
Organisation and Funding:
- The PDNA will be a State government led activity and funds required should be sourced from the state with contributions from national ministries
- The State Revenue/Disaster Management Department will be responsible for the overall organization and conduct of PDNA.
States reaction: State Disaster Management Authorities opine that PDNA makes more sense for states that are flood and cyclone prone whereas droughts should be taken care of by agriculture and irrigation departments.
In the wake of the recent increase in the frequency of natural disasters due to various reasons like Global warming, PDNA is a good step forward. But the provision of adequate finances and adequate training of authorities to carry out PDNA should be taken care of for effective implementation.
Q. How important is vulnerability and risk assessment for pre-disaster management? As an administrator, what are key areas that you would focus Ina disaster management? (2013)