Topic: Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
3. What ate the causes for urban poverty in India? Discuss the measures that can be taken in order to end urban poverty in the country. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Why the question:
India lifted about 415 million people out of multidimensional poverty between 2005-06 and 2019-21, according to the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), an initiative of UNDP and Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about causes of urban poverty and steps that are needed in order to end it.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by giving statistic about the numbers of urban poor in India
First, mention the various causes of poverty in Urban areas and how it is much more severe than the rural areas.
Next, write about the measures that are needed in order to end urban poverty – minimum wages, social security, food and nutritional security and rehabilitation and resettlement, Housing etc.
Conclude by writing a way forward.