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What are stem cells? Throw light on various types of stem cells and discuss the applications of stem cell technology.

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

6. What are stem cells? Throw light on various types of stem cells and discuss the applications of stem cell technology. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

Stem cell technology has witnessed advancement that open new hopes for the treatment of rare genetic disorders which otherwise are largely undetected and also untreated. Recent research has shown exciting possibilities of having a direct intervention method for effective treatment, said Tata Institute for Genetics and Society (TIGS) Director Rakesh Mishra.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about stem cells, its types and applications.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining stem cells.

Body:

First, in detail write about the various types of stem cells and their features – Embryonic stem cells, adult stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells.

Next, write about the myriad of applications of the stem cell technology and various programmes and initiatives to boost research on stem cells.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.