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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 18 October 2022

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Social empowerment

1. Examine the reasons for the high rate of crimes against women. Suggest ways to have a zero-tolerance approach towards crimes against women in order to build safe, resilient and inclusive spaces for women. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu , Insights on India

Why the question:

Reported violence against women is the proverbial tip of the iceberg; it conceals more than it reveals. But what it reveals can sometimes shock the collective conscience of a nation, especially a heinous crime that plays out in broad daylight as an assault on a young woman.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the reasons for unabated crimes against women and steps that are needed to tackle this chronic problem.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context and mention the NCRB data on increasing cases of rape in India

Body:

In the first part, mention the reasons for this chronic issue. Legal loopholes, social conditioning, culture of violence, Caste dynamics etc.

Write the steps that are the need of the hour. Effective implementation of Laws, investigating agency and prosecution more proficient, awareness, gender sensitisation etc. Debate about provision of death penalty for Rape.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

2. Despite the giant strides made at poverty alleviation, the task of ending poverty remains daunting for India. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu , Insights on India

Why the question:

As many as 41.5 crore people exited poverty in India during the 15-year period between 2005-06 and 2019-21, out of which two-thirds exited in the first 10 years, and one-third in the next five years, according to the global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) released on Monday.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the challenges associated with poverty and to evaluate the performance of various measures taken to alleviate poverty.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe the giving statistic regarding the current status of poverty in India.

Body:

First, write about the various challenges associated with eradication of poverty in India and the progress made so far as mentioned in the above report.

Next, evaluate the pros and cons of the various poverty alleviation measures in India – Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY), National Social Assistance Programme, Land Reforms, MGNREGA and various PDS initiatives etc.

Suggest measures to overcome the above the limitations of the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

3. India’s Indo-Pacific strategy works in tandem with its Act East Policy, with ASEAN Centrality as its basis. Discuss its significance and limitations for India. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

On August 8, 1967, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) was formed in Bangkok. Its founding members were Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore, and Philippines. Many commentators have pointed out that South Asia has important lessons to learn from ASEAN.

Key Demand of the question:

To understand the role of strategic partnership with ASEAN and its mutual benefits and limitations for both sides.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning the historic engagement of India-ASEAN relationship.

Body:

Bring out the importance of geographical proximity of the ASEAN countries and its strategic, security and economic implications to India. Also mention about the sociocultural dynamics, mobilisation of group level funds and promotion of domestic infrastructure projects based on few examples.

Next, write about the inter-link between India’s Indo-Pacific strategy works in tandem with its Act East Policy.

Next, write about the implications of the above on India.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that a good relation with ASEAN nations is crucial for India, in order for India to look beyond its neighbours, in its global diplomatic journey.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4. Evaluate the growth of Indian economy under the various five-year plans of the planning commission. What were the major limitations of the planning commission? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the successes and limitations of five-year plans and the limitations of planning commission.

Directive:

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a brief about aims of the planning commission.

Body:

First, in detail write about the growth of Indian economy in the various FYPs from the first plan to the twelfth plan. Write about its successes and limitations.

Next, write about the major limitations of the planning commission – No structural mechanism, Ineffective forum, one size fits all etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning the genesis if NITI Aayog.

 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. Do you think that the economic reforms of 1991 have resulted in inclusive growth in the country? State your opinion. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the impact of LPG reforms on inclusive growth in the country.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context about the LPG reforms.

Body:

First, in detail write about the LPG and how they would play a part in the economic development of the country.

Next, write about the positive contributions of the LPG reforms on inclusive growth in the country. Cite statistic and examples to substantiate.

Next, write about the shortcomings of LPG reforms.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a balanced opinion on LPG reforms.

 

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

6. What are stem cells? Throw light on various types of stem cells and discuss the applications of stem cell technology. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

Stem cell technology has witnessed advancement that open new hopes for the treatment of rare genetic disorders which otherwise are largely undetected and also untreated. Recent research has shown exciting possibilities of having a direct intervention method for effective treatment, said Tata Institute for Genetics and Society (TIGS) Director Rakesh Mishra.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about stem cells, its types and applications.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining stem cells.

Body:

First, in detail write about the various types of stem cells and their features – Embryonic stem cells, adult stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells.

Next, write about the myriad of applications of the stem cell technology and various programmes and initiatives to boost research on stem cells.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Work culture, Quality of service delivery,

7. What are the components of an ethical workplace culture and environment? How to build ethical culture at the workplace? (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Conceptual Tuesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about components of ethical workplace and ways to build it.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by describing the ethical work culture.

Body:

Write about the major components of ethical work culture – priority to employee rights, fair procedures, and equity in pay and promotion, and that promotes tolerance, compassion, loyalty and honesty in the treatment of customers and employees.

Next, write about ways to build ethical workplace culture and environment.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.


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