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Understanding the Global Hunger Index

GS paper 2

Syllabus: Issues related to poverty and hunger, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection of vulnerable sections of society etc


Directions: It is the continuation of the previous article on GHI published on Saturday.

Source: The Hindu, PIB


Context: For the second time in two years, the Ministry of Women and Child Development rejected the Global Hunger Index (GHI) which ranked India 107 among 121 countries.

Issues raised by India:

  • Proportion of Undernourished (PoU) population: The report lowers India’s rank based on the estimates of the Proportion of Undernourished (PoU) population.
  • The U.S. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimate is based on the ‘Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES)’ survey: India stated that the data represented a miniscule proportion for a country of India’s size.
  • Calculating hunger based on mainly indicators relating to health indicators of children is neither scientific nor rational.
  • The report chooses to deliberately ignore efforts made by the Government to ensure food Security for the population, especially during the Covid Pandemic.


GHI website explanation to allegations:

  • GHI only uses the public data obtained through food balance sheets based on data reported by member countries, including India.
  • GHI ensures both the food supply situation and the effects of inadequate nutrition within a particularly vulnerable subset of the population are captured.
  • Recognized by the International community: All four indicators used in the calculation of global hunger are recognised by the international community, including India.


Insta Links:


Mains Links:

Q. Performance of welfare schemes that are implemented for vulnerable sections is not so effective due to the absence of their awareness and active involvement at all stages of policy process – Discuss(UPSC 2019)


Prelims Links:

  • GHI
  • Mortality
  • Stunting
  • Wasting
  • Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe

Which of the following is/are indicators used by Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe for measuring Global hunger index?

  1. Child mortality
  2. Child Wasting
  3. Anemia
  4. Undernourishment

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

a. 1, 2 and 3 only

b. 1, 2 and 4 only

c. 2 and 4 only

d. 1, 2, 3 and 4

Ans: (b)


Refer to article above