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The concept of dharma evolved over time, its meaning shifting from a ‘ritual ethics of deeds’ to a more personal virtue based on one’s conscience. Elaborate.

Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions;

7. The concept of dharma evolved over time, its meaning shifting from a ‘ritual ethics of deeds’ to a more personal virtue based on one’s conscience. Elaborate. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the meaning of Dharma in the present day.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining Dharma.

Body:

Trace the development of the concept of Dharma since ancient times and how it is core concept of Indian society. Write about as how to its has transformed from ritualistic ethics to that of a conscience-based virtue. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising the importance of dharma in present day.