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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 17 October 2022

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

1. Ambedkar was not only a messiah of the downtrodden but also as one of the greatest Indians of the modern age. Discuss.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

B.R. Ambedkar is rarely imitated and his techniques of fighting stronger foes are almost never used by Indians.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the political, social and intellectual contributions of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing a few introductory lines regarding Dr B.R Ambedkar.

Body:

Discuss his role and contributions; His role as a social reformer, chairman of the draft committee of the Indian Constitution, and first law minister of the country is well-known. He was an educationist, economist, jurist, politician, journalist, sociologist and social reformer and worked in the fields of culture, religion and spirituality.

Highlight his efforts towards championing the causes of downtrodden and the vulnerable.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising and his present-day legacy.

 

Topic: Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

2. India is historically secular. Democracy and plurality go hand in hand in the country and provide the Indian society the vibrancy that one sees within it. Comment. (250 words).

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express Insights on India

Why the question:

Several groups which are inimical to India’s interests have come together to put out a huge advertisement in a leading American newspaper which is full of innuendoes and falsehoods about India with a clear aim of creating social divisions and promoting unrest.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about secularism and pluralism in the India society.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining secularism in the Indian context.

Body:

First, write about the how India has been a secular entity rights since ancient and medieval times. Cite examples to substantiate.

Next, write about how India secularism, pluralism and democracy have shaped the nation and provide the society with solidarity in diversity. Cite examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

3. The current challenge is to develop technologies that adequately deliver the food and nutritional needs of the country while also addressing climate change imperatives. Analyse. (250 words).

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The HinduThe Hindu

Why the question:

For the second time in two years, the Ministry of Women and Child Development on Saturday rejected the Global Hunger Index (GHI) that ranked India 107 among 121 countries.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about addressing hunger and nutritional needs of the country while tackling climate change.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by citing the present status of hunger and malnutrition in the country.

Body:

First, write about the major causes behind hunger and malnutrition in the country as India tries to manage that with combating climate change.

Next, suggest ways to overcome the above challenges and ensure food and nutritional security while tackling climate change related issues.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment

4. Critically analyse the performance of Skill India in generation of skilled employees and leaders in alignment with the modern-day market demands. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on IndiaInsights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about successes, limitations and the improvements needed to the skill India mission.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by mentioning the aims and objectives of skill India mission.

Body:

First, write about various improvements seen in the skilling ecosystem and vocational training after the launch of Skill India. Substantiate with statistics.

Next, write about the various bottlenecks in the skill India mission – low employability and employment rates like – Shortage of well-trained and skilled personnel, low Female participation in workforce, Skill Deficit in Rural Areas etc.

Suggest steps as to how to overcome them to make India the skill capital of the world.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Investment models.

5. The advantage of a Public private partnership model (PPP) is that the management skills and financial acumen of private businesses could create better value for money for taxpayers when proper cooperative arrangements between the public and private sectors are used. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the PPP model and its advantages.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the PPP model in brief.

Body:

First, write about the importance of PPP model in promoting and developing infrastructure in the country. Substantiate with fact/examples the achievements of PPP model in the country.

Next, write about how PPP model can contribute to pushing India towards 5 trillion-dollar economy. Evaluate its strengths and limitations.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward on how to overcome the limitations.

 

Topic: basics of cyber security;

6. With traditional encryption models at risk and increasing military applications of quantum technology, the deployment of “quantum-resistant” systems has become the need of the hour to secure India’s cyberspace. Examine.

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

Last month, there were reports that the Indian Army is developing cryptographic techniques to make its networks resistant to attacks by systems with quantum capabilities. The Army has collaborated with industry and academia to build secure communications and cryptography applications. This step builds on last year’s initiative to establish a quantum computing laboratory at the military engineering institute in Mhow, Madhya Pradesh.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about cyber security threats posed by quantum technologies and counter measures needed against it.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving context.

Body:

In the first part, write about the cyber vulnerabilities and potential risks associated due to advancement in quantum technologies – easy encryption, outdated, lack of counter measures etc.

Next, write about the methods and ways that are needed to ensure that India’s cyber security paradigm becomes “quantum-resistant”.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions;

7. The concept of dharma evolved over time, its meaning shifting from a ‘ritual ethics of deeds’ to a more personal virtue based on one’s conscience. Elaborate. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the meaning of Dharma in the present day.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining Dharma.

Body:

Trace the development of the concept of Dharma since ancient times and how it is core concept of Indian society. Write about as how to its has transformed from ritualistic ethics to that of a conscience-based virtue. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising the importance of dharma in present day.


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