Topic: Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping;
5. The Public Distribution System (PDS) has helped bring about socio-economic justice by helping alleviate hunger, malnutrition, anaemia among poorest of the poor. Evaluate its shortcomings and write about how the use of ICT could increase the efficiency of PDS. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: Insights on India
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about twin deficit, concerns associated with it and measures needed to avoid the problem.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by giving context of PDS and its role in delivery of food grains.
In the first part, write about the importance of PDS for the development of the country and addressing hunger and malnutrition.
Next, mention the various bottlenecks, limitations and the shortcomings with respect to PDS in India. Cite statistics and reports to substantiate your points.
Next, write about the steps that are required to ensure a seamless supply chain to overcome hunger and malnutrition.
Conclude with a way forward.