Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Examine as to how climate change is impacting the Indian monsoon. Suggest adaptive measures to ensure shifting patterns in monsoon activity over the Indian subcontinent doesn’t affect its economic sectors.

Topic: geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

2. Examine as to how climate change is impacting the Indian monsoon. Suggest adaptive measures to ensure shifting patterns in monsoon activity over the Indian subcontinent doesn’t affect its economic sectors. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The heavy October rainfall over North and Northwest India underscores the changing patterns of monsoon activity over the subcontinent. Driven by climate change, the ‘normal’ has shifted, and the country may soon have to make adjustments in a range of sectors.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the impact of climate change on monsoon and adaptations needed to reduce its negative impacts.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by introducing Indian monsoon and its importance briefly.

Body:

Write about the impact of climate change – both monsoon deficit and too much monsoon in counterproductive in the Indian scenario. Mention the drawbacks of the too much surplus in monsoon such as floods, crop damage, increased pest infestation and disease, low outputs etc with supporting examples. Also, include the indirect costs incurred such as increased imports and reduced exports.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to deal with climate change impact and mitigate it.