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India’s Presidency of the G20, SCO and UNSC is a historic opportunity for reinventing the United Nations. Discuss.

Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

3. India’s Presidency of the G20, SCO and UNSC is a historic opportunity for reinventing the United Nations. Discuss. (250 words).

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

India’s Presidency of the Group of 20, UN Security Council (UNSC) in 2022, and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) in 2023 when major powers are not even talking to each other and India alone, now the fifth largest economy, is interacting with each of them, presents a historic opportunity.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how India’s presidency of G20, SCO and UNSC offers an opportunity and how India should harness it.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about India’s presidency of G20 and how India must use this as an opportunity to address multilateral issues.

Next, write about the SCO and how this can be used to further India interests in the region while resolving bilateral issues with China and Pakistan.

Next, write about how at UNSC India can push for reforms and try resolving major geopolitical crises.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising how all the above could lead to reinventing UN.