Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
6. The electronic industry is critically dependent on semiconductors and they are strategically important for India. Evaluate India’s strengths and weaknesses in achieving self-sufficiency in semiconductor production. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Why the question:
India’s National Policy on Electronics (NPE) 2019 aims for the electronics industry to achieve a turnover of about Rs 33 lakh crore by 2025. But the industry is critically dependent on semiconductors, which are also used in high-demand consumer electronics like mobile phones, laptops, gaming consoles, refrigerators and microwaves. These use semiconductor components like integrated chips, diodes and transistors.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about importance of Semiconductors and its strategic significance. India’s strengths and weaknesses in this regard.
Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence. You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by mentioning the aims and objectives of India Semiconductor Mission.
In the first part, mention the various applications of Semiconductors and reasons for their shortage.
Next, write about various steps taken in the recent past aimed at achieving self-sufficiency in semiconductors.
Next, write about the India’s strengths and weaknesses in this regard.
Conclude by way forward to overcome weakness.