Topic: population and associated issues
1. The demographic dividend has transformational potential but inconsistent and incoherent policies aimed at realising it may result in a lost opportunity. Analyse. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Why the question:
Too often, India’s demographic dividend conversations have focused much on the dependency ratio and not enough on the policies and other factors involved.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about demographic dividend, impediments to achieving and ways to overcome it.
Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by defining demographic dividend and its various features.
First, write about the various impediments to achieving the dividend – demographic dividend may turn into a liability in the absence of enough jobs and the required skilled workforce etc.
Next, suggest ways to overcome the limitations.
Conclude with a way forward.