GS paper 2
Syllabus: Issues related to development of social sector relating to healthcare etc
Directions: Important for mains, you can use it as examples for attaining better healthcare
- The Covid-19 pandemic has shown the world our capability to handle mega problems.
- The past 10 years especially, have seen rapid progress in the healthcare system.
India attained self sufficiency in:
Present global Challenges:
- Climate change
- Rising aspirations of people
- Inequitable access to resource
- Health(biggest challenge)
India particular challenges:
- NCDs: Predicted to be the capital of non-communicable diseases, cancers and deaths due to trauma.
- Inadequate health system: Huge population of 4(one point four) billion, juxtaposed against a relatively inadequate public health system
Challenges faced by medical education:
- Mushrooming of medical, nursing and AYUSH colleges
- Non-availability of dedicated faculty
How to overcome these challenges?
- Using digital technology: To reach the unreached students quickly and effectively.
- Align medical education to India’s healthcare needs: Through integrated courses
- Creating a pool: Of paramedical and nursing personnel on priority.
- Absorb the trained human resources: By providing adequate compensation.
- The district residency programme: It can be expanded to provide district PG programmes with adjunct faculty from the public hospitals.
- This will improve the quality of care and also meet the aspirations of the students.
- Learning management systems (LMS): Under various universities can provide equitable opportunities to students across the country.
- Collaborations with international universities: For twinning, joint degree or dual degree programmes.
- Collaboration: We need to collaborate and work together as a society and as a polity.
- Integration: The silos of medical education in colleges, life science research in laboratories and public health in government hospitals will need to be integrated.
- Policy of reserving most of the available funds: For life science research towards finding solutions for the health problems of the country.
Q. Appropriate local community-level healthcare intervention is a prerequisite to achieve ‘Health for All’ in India. Explain.(UPSC 2018)